Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 9 Urban Geography
AP Human Geo
Terms in this set (53)
Central Business District (CBD)
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
The possibility of change that results from people living together in cities.
in, relating to, or characteristic of a city or town.
An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit.
A relatively small, egalitarian village, where most of the population was involved in agriculture. Starting over 10,000 years ago, people began to cluster in agricultural villages as they stayed in one place to tend their crops.
One of two components, together with social stratification, that enables the formation of cities; agricultural production in excess of that which the producer needs for his or her own sustenance and that of his or her family and which is then sold for consumption by others.
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
group of decision-makers and organizers in early cities who controlled the resources, and often the lives, of others
first urban revolution
The innovation of the city, which occurred independently in five separate hearths.
A region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that developed the first urban societies. In the Bronze Age this area included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, In the Iron Age, it was ruled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires.
Nile River Valley
chronologically the second urban hearth, dating to 3200 BCE
Indus River Valley
chronologically, the third urban hearth, dating 2200 BCE
Huang He and Wei River Valleys
Rivers in present-day China, it was at the confluence of the Huang He and Wei Rivers where chronologically the fourth urban hearth was established around 1500 BCE
A geographic region in the western hemisphere that was home of the Mayan and Aztec civilizations.
sixth urban hearth
An early adopter of a cultural practice or trait that becomes a central locale from which the practice or trait further diffuses
Greek for "high city". The chief temples of the city were located here.
the marketplace in ancient Greece
for identifying suitable locales for settlements
the location of a place relative to other places
The layout of a city, its physical form and structure.
division of a city into different regions or zones for certain purposes or functions
Rome's public meeting place
region adjacent to every town and city within which its influence is dominant
In a model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
Sun Belt Phenomenon
the movement of millions of Americans from northern and northeastern states to the south and southwest
area of a city with a relatively uniform land use
the division of the city into certain regions for certain purposes
the urban area that is not suburban; generally, the older or original city that is surrounded by newer suburbs
an outlying district of a city, especially a residential one.
The process of population movement from within towns and cities to the rural-urban fringe.
Concentric Zone Model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
clusters of large buildings away from the central business district
cities with more than 10 million people
Developed by geographers Ernst Griffin and Larry Ford, a model of the Latin American city showing a blend of traditional elements of Latin American culture with the forces of globalization that are reshaping the urban scene.
Unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard.
The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
Developed by geographer T.G. McGee, a model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia.
laws in a city or town that designate certain areas, or zones, for residential and business use
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood
introducing a new product into the market
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
Homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
new mansions that are supersize and have a similar look
the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas.
development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs
fenced-in neighborhoods with controlled access gates for people and automobiles
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce.
spaces of consumption
Areas of a city, the main purpose of which is to encourage people to consume goods and services' driven primarily by the global media industry.
This set is often in folders with...
Human Geo Chapter 1 Vocab
Human Geo Chapter 2 Vocab
Chapter 3 Human Geo
Chapter 5 Language
Other sets by this creator
Chapter 10 Development
Chapter 10 Industry and Services
Chapter 9 Food & Agriculture
Chapter 8 Political Geography
Other Quizlet sets
Cost Exam 1
Genetics Exam 2
2.5 Lung Pathology
Ch 24: The West Between the Wars