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U.S. History to 1865 - SOL FLash Cards Set 3

This set covers USI.5d, 6a, 6b, 6c, 6d.
Economic Relationships between Great Britain and the Colonies
- The colonies traded raw materials for manufactured goods from England. (Interdependence)
- Great Britain imposed strict control over trade. (England wanted to remain a world power)
- Great Britain taxed the colonies after the French and Indian War. (to pay for the war and maintain troops in colonies)
Political Relationships between Great Britain and the Colonies.
- colonies had no representation on parliment
-colonists resented power of colonial governors
-Great Britain wanted strict control over the colonial legislatures.
- Colonists opposed the British taxes.
- Proclamation of 1763 restricted westward movement of settlers.
Proclamation of 1763
This proclamation kept settlers from going West of the Appalachian mountains.
Declaration of Independence
This document stated "People have certain unalienable rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness".
Declaration of Independence
This document said people establish government to protect their rights.
Declaration of Independence
This document said that government derives its power from the people and that people have a right and duty to change a government that violates their rights.
Declaration of Independence
This document proclaimed independence from Great Britain.
King George III
British King during the Revolution
Lord Cornwallis
British General who surrendered at Yorktown
George Washington
COmmander of the Continental Army
John Adams
Championed independence from Great Britain.
Thomas Jefferson
Major author of the Declaration of Independence
Patrick Henry
Member of House of Burgesses; gave "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Benjamin Franklin
- Prominent member of the Continental Congress
- helped frame the Declaration of Independence
- helped gain French support for American independence
Phillis Wheatley
- former enslaved African-American
- wrote poems and plays supporting American independence
Paul Revere
Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists the British were coming.....
Boston Massacre
colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British soldiers
Boston Tea Party
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led patriots in throwing tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes
First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Great Britain and promote independence
Battle of Lexington and Concord
Site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War.
Approval of the Declaration of Independence
Colonies declared independence from Great Britain on July 4th 1776.
Battle of Saratoga
This American Victory was the turning point in the Revolutionary war.
Surrender at Yorktown
Colonial Victory over Lord Cornwallis marked the end of the Revolutionary War.
Treaty of Paris
Great Britain recognized American independence in this treaty.
Colonial Advantages that helped win the Revolutionary war.
- colonists defense of their own land, principles and beliefs
- additional support from France
- strong leadership