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27 terms

Poetry Terms and Devices

Terms and Devices
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alliteration
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
cliche
A worn-out idea or overused expression
contrast
All the ways they are different
couplets
A two successive lines of poetry with the same end rhyme.
description
A rhetorical mode based in the five senses. It aims to re-create, invent, or present something so that the reader can experience it.
figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words.
haiku
3 unrhymed lines (5, 7, 5) usually focusing on nature
hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
literal language
A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
metaphor
A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.
mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
metonymy
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words.
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
parallelism
Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
pathos
A quality that evokes pity or sadness
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
repetition
The reappearance of a sound, a word, a phrase, a stanza, or other structure in any literary work.
rhyme
Repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem.
rhythm
Definition: A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables (meter) or by the repetition of words and phrases or even whole lines or sentence
simile
A comparison using like or as
stanza
A group of lines in a poem
symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else, esp. a material object representing something abstract.
tone
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)