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SWA Review #2
Terms in this set (40)
Which branch of government is responsible for making and carrying out the laws in a parliamentary system of government?
In a presidential system of government, how is the leader chosen?
.In a vote by the citizens
What is true of a 'theocracy'?
Government sees God as the supreme leader
Which BEST describes the government of Saudi Arabia?
Who is the most powerful elected official in Iran?
D.Head of Parliament
The type of government in which power rests with a small group of people is called a(n) ____________.
In a unitary system, most of the power is in the hands of the:
Which country is an example of a unitary system?
Who makes the important government decisions in an autocracy?
D.The court system
What is a weakness of a confederation?
The central government only has as much power as the local governments are willing to give.
Which Southwest Asian country is an example of a federal system of government?
Which Southwest Asian country has a democracy?
Why is Iran sometimes called a theocratic republic?
The government is led by an elected parliament and powerful religious leaders.
What is Shariah law?
Laws based on the teachings of the Quran
The Israeli parliament is called the:
Who is allowed to vote in Israeli elections?
C.All citizens over the age of 16
D.All citizens over the age of 18
All citizens over the age of 18
Saudi Arabia is ruled by a:
What role do the people play in Saudi Arabia's government?
They have little influence.
What is an Ayatollah?
A Shia religious leader
The Head of State in a parliamentary system is often a person who has:
A ceremonial role without much power
Who takes a financial risk in starting a new business?
The number limit on how many items of a particular product can be imported from a particular country is the _______________.
Why do most countries in the world today fall somewhere between a market and a command economy?
Most countries have found they need a mix of free market and government control to be successful.
What 3 economic questions are asked when studying the similarities of traditional, command, market, and mixed economies among nations of the world?
What to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce?
What is 'specialization'?
Producing goods a country can make most easily so that they can trade for goods that they can't produce locally
In a command economy, economic decisions are made by the ___________.
Saudi Arabia specializes in the production of:
Oil and natural gas
The economies of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Iran can best be described as:
Why was OPEC created?
To regulate the supply and price of oil
Where are most OPEC countries located?
After Iraq invaded Kuwait, the United Nations used this trade barrier to stop other countries from trading with Iraq:
The relationship between the literacy rate and standard of living in Southwest Asia is _________.
The higher the literacy rate the higher the standard of living.
If Saudi Arabia's government puts a limit on how much Israeli Dead Sea salt it will import this year, what trade barrier is this?
Why is it important for a country to invest in human capital?
A country's economy is more successful when workers have a good education and health care.
Which of the following would reflect Israel's mixed economy?
A combination of privately-owned businesses and government regulations.
When a government decides to increase a tariff, it increases the amount of a tax placed upon ___________.
Syria has not built new factories or used new technology in many years. What is the country NOT investing in?
Why is specialization so valuable to international trade today?
Specialization allows people to do a more efficient job at producing what they make best and trade for the things they need.
What is a main reason for people to exchange currency?
to buy and sell goods and services with other countries
One of Iran's biggest problems with their state-run oil industry is:
Inefficiency and poor organization