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AES Bloodborne Pathogens
Terms in this set (60)
What is an infectious disease?
a disease caused by an invasion from a microorganism
what is a communicable disease?
type of infectious disease that can be transmitted from person to person
Not all infectious diseases are ________
what is the chain of infection?
the conditions that allow communicable diseases to be passed from one person to another
list the six steps in the chain of infection
-the causative agent
-portal of exit
-the mode of transmission
-portal of entry
-the susceptible host
what is the best way to break the chain of infection?
wash you hands is the best way to break the chain
define mode of transmission
the way a pathogen is passed from one person to the next
what is HIV and what does it stand for?
-human, immunodeficiency, virus
-attacks the immune system, and slowly weakens the person to a point where they can get AIDS
what is AIDS and what does it stand for?
-acquired, immune, deficiency, syndrome
-diagnosed group of systems, when a patient immune system is so weak that the patient can't fight off infections
which four kinds of bodily fluids can transmit HIV?
why do partners who are both HIV-positive still need to practice safe sex?
the virus can mutate and it is possible to become re-infected
how does the Ryan White CARE Act help patients with HIV or AIDS?
federal program that funds medical care for HIV and AIDS patients
How does the Americans with Disabilities Act help patients with HIV or AIDS?
protects patients with HIV or AIDS from being discriminated at work, in public, or at school
what is hepatitis?
inflammation of the liver
all five stains of hepatitis are caused by
how long can acute hepatitis last?
recovery within a year
-contaminated food and water, objects, or sexual contract.
-Acute, rarely chronic
-blood, semen and vaginal secretions
-90% acute, 10% chronic
-primarily blood, but also sexual contract
-40% acute, 60% chronic
-blood; prior or simultaneous infection with HBV
-severely acute or severely chronic
-contaminated food or water
-mild to moderate acute
which drug is used to treat chronic hepatitis B?
antiviral medications(Interferon) or transplant
hepatitis caused by alcohol abuse is the most common cause of _______, which is when scar tissue affects liver function as a result of ongoing damage
which two strains of hepatitis can be prevented with a vaccine?
hepatitis A and B
what is seroconversion?
the immune system develops antibodies to attack the pathogens, to protect the body
what three bodily fluids are commonly used for test for HIV?
when should a second test be administered for HIV?
in three months
Where can HIV-infected patients and their families find resources?
the federal government has many agencies to help patients find resources
all states use a confidential,________-based reporting method to monitor HIV data
which agency created the list of standard precautions
for which patients should standard precautions be used?
for all patients
all body fluids must be considered_____, and all patients are possible______ of infection.
what is the best way to avoid spreading pathogens?
wash your hands
when should a healthcare workers wash their hands?
-after contact with infectious material
-before and after procedures
-after removing gloves
why is it important for health care workers to wear personal protective equipment?
to protect you from pathogens
name four examples of sharps
hoe is a used sharp disposed of?
puncture proof biohazards container
describe a biohazardous waste container
container is mark with the biohazardous symbol
what should be done after a spill is wiped up with a cloth?
disinfect the surface
when should gowns be worn?
when you may come in contact with blood or pathogens
the same gown should______ be worn for more than one patient
the outside of a gown is considered____?
when should masks and eyewear be worn?
anytime splashes of blood or pathogens can occur
list the order in which four kinds of personal protective equipment should be donned
The strings and elastic bands of masks and eyewear are considered _____?
when should gloves be worn?
put on before you start a procedure that could involve blood or other infectious material
how long can a single pair of gloves be used?
only for one patient, or if you have a hole or puncture the gloves
when should hands be washed when you will be wearing gloves?
before you put the gloves on your hands, and after you take your gloves off and put them in a biohazardous container
What three bloodborne pathogens are health care workers at an increased risk of being exposed to?
who must follow the regulations in the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
health care facilities and the employees
hoe did the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act affect the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard?
the standard was updated to emphasize safer medical devices and a sharps injury log
name the five pieces of information that must be included in an exposure control plan
-employees who might be exposed
-guidelines to prevent exposure
-training on standard and plan
-methods to maintain records
what is the blech to water ratio?
which two colors can be used to mark biohazardous waste?
an example of a safer medical device
self sheathing syringes
how often must an employee complete refresher training on bloodborne pathogens?
yearly, or when there is new information or a new device
an employee's medical record must be kept for at least_____ years after they leave the facility
when an exposure incident involves a sharp, a record of the event must be added to the ____
sharps injury log
if an employee has had an exposure incident they could be given what?
post exposure prophylaxis
who gives a written opinion of an exposure incident to the facility after it occurs?
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