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Arts and Humanities
History of Philosophy
Midterm study guide
Terms in this set (38)
By doubting everything he could possibly doubt, Descartes hoped to discover something he could know with absolute certainty.
Which claim did Descartes use to establish the certainty of his own existence?
I think therefore I am
When the oracle at Delphi pronoun coed Socrates to be the wisest of people, Socrates came to believe that the pronouncement referred the fact that he....
He knows that he is not wise
Where do the Forms exist according to Plato?
In a separate, immaterial realm.
Socrates was only interested in making bad arguments sound good
Plato thought that physical objects are a mere reflection of a dreamworld
According to Plato, true knowledge does not come from things observed through the senses
what did Socrates hope to achieve by examining the people of Athens
He wanted to expose their lack of wisdom and encourage them to live the examined life
When Socrates meets the craftsman/artisans what was his assessment ?
They are wise about matters related to their craft, but assume that they know many other things, which they don't actually know
Socrates thought that he was very wise when it came to most matters.
Socrates didn't choose exile because:
The people in the new country wouldn't accept his message either
Everyone on the jury voted to convict Socrates
Socrates thought that the unexamined life is not worth living because:
To have a good life one must pursue wisdom
In what way is the Matrix like Descartes' dream scenario?
The matrix is like a dream that feels real.
Descartes doubted his ability to know math because:
He thought that an evil genius could be deceiving him.
Socrates is like Neo insofar as they were both sentenced to death by a jury of their peers.
In the Allegory of the Cave the prisoners literally observe...
In the Allegory of the Cave when the prisoner escapes the cave which sensory capacity does not work well.
Both Neo and Socrates receive a prophecy from...
Socrates did not fear death because
He doesn't know what death is, so there is no reason to fear it
In the 2nd Matrix Article the authors argue that Cypher should not have made the choice to go back into the Matrix because he would betray his friends.
In the 2nd Matrix Article the authors argue that
Which of the following arguments is NOT one of the reasons the Author's of the 2nd Matrix Article use to show Skepticism should not be used to discover truth.
According to Plato a form is...
a definition or idea that is reflected in physical objects
According to Socrates we should do all that we can to make people think that we are wise.
The authors of the 2nd Matrix article argue that we should not enter the experience machine for life because
The machine wouldn't be able to replicate all sensory experience.
Socrates argued that he could not be an Atheist because...
He believed he served the gods
Socrates argued that he wasn't guilty of corrupting the youth because...
if he corrupted the youth, he would, in turn, harm himself.
In the Euthyphro they discuss the nature of the just state.
Euthyphro's defines Piety as doing what the gods love in response to a question posed by Socrates Euthyphro adds which word to his definition?
Which of the following describe the "Euthyphro Dillema"?
Is an action pious because the gods approve of it? or Do the gods approve of an action because it is pious?
Socrates thinks that Euthyphro's 1st definition leads to a contraditiction, namely, that the same action is both...
loved by the gods and hated by the gods
What problem did Socrates identify in Euthyphro's first proposal.
Its just an example not a definition
In the Allegory of the Cave the sun represents.
In the Allegory of the Cave, what does the cave itself represents?
The visible world
According to Plato forms are invisible.
What analogy does Descartes use when he talks about "razing" his old beliefs
The analogy of an old house that needs to be torn down.
According to Descartes humans should primarily be thought of as animals with bodies who obtain knowledge through their use of the five senses.
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