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Crime & Mental Disorders Chapter 5
Terms in this set (18)
Attempt to view law in a way that values psychological health and avoids antitherapeutic consequences whenever possible while maintaining due process principles.
· It is an approach within the specialty court movement, including Mental Health Courts (MHCs)
What is therapeutic jurisprudence?
It funds collaborations targeting low-level, nonviolent mentally ill offenders.
What is the purpose of the Mentally Ill Treatment and Crime Reduction Act (2004)?
Provides a way to organize and structure community-based alternatives to traditional prosecution.
· Includes five intercept points at which an alternative to traditional prosecution can occur
What is the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM)?
· Intercept 1: Law enforcement and emergency services
· Intercept 2: Pretrial/Prosecution (Post-arrest): Initial detention and pretrial hearing
· Intercept 3: Court, Post-initial hearing: Jails and courts
· Intercept 4: Reentry
· Intercept 5: Community corrections and community support
What are the intercept points in the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM)?
Refers to the movement of cases out of the criminal justice system into community-based options as an alternative to prosecution
· The main goal of diversion is to either reduce recidivism and/or remove individuals from the criminal justice system altogether without compromising public safety.
What is diversion?
Diversions typically occur within the first three intercept points.
At which intercept points does diversion typically occur?
Intercept 2 and Intercept 3
During the prosecution phase, at which intercept points does diversion occur?
It is estimated that 20% of those diverted may need rediversion at least once.
What percent of those diverted need to be diverted again?
An option developed through multi-agency collaborations with law enforcement
· Pre-booking diversion used so that an individual with serious mental illness avoids pretrial detention
· Jail Diversion used to connect offenders with serious mental illness to community-based treatment and support services
What is formal police diversion?
Diversion left to the discretion of law enforcement officers
· Used in the absence of formal diversion policies
· Prior to the advent of formal diversions, police used informal diversion in as many as 75% of calls.
What is informal police diversion?
The first pretrial diversion program in the U.S.
· Initiated in 1965 in Flint, Michigan
What is the Citizen's Probation Authority Program (CPA)?
What is the most common diversion used with mentally ill offenders?
When the offender's criminal history suggests a lack of commitment to treatment
When is a postplea diversion most likely to be used?
Examined the prebooking component of an award-winning jail diversion program that used highly trained dispatchers, police officers, and clinicians
· Dispatchers and police officers trained in the identification of individuals with indications of serious mental illness.
· Those with serious mental illness transferred to Crisis Care Center.
· Study concluded that this type of prebooking diversion can be fiscally justified.
Describe the study by Cowell and colleagues (2015)
Specialized police responses have been successful in reducing arrest rates by 2%-13%.
What did Steadman, Deane, Borum, and Morrissey (2000) find?
It was the first Supreme Court case dealing with correctional care
· Determined that "deliberate indifference" is the standard of review for correctional health care.
· Concluded that the failure to treat an inmate's serious medical needs is inconsistent with contemporary standards of decency.
What is the significance of Estelle v. Gamble, 1976?
Determined that discharge planning for mentally ill inmates was an essential component of mental health care
What was determined in Brad H. v. The City of New York, 2004?
What percent of individuals with mentally illness in criminal justice system have a co-occurring substance use disorder?
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