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American History Review
Terms in this set (10)
Railroads played a key role in revolutionizing business and industry in the United States in what five ways?
1. provide a faster, more practical means of transportation of goods.
2. also lowered the costs of production
3.created national markets
4. provided a model for big businesses,
5. encouraged innvocation in other industries.
What five "push" factors moved people to migrate to the Western United States?
1.civil war has displaced thousands of farmers, former slaves, and other workers
2.Eastern farmer lands were too costly.
3.Failed entrepreneurs sought a second chance in a new location
4.Ethic and religious repression caused people to seek the freedom of the west, and outlaws sought refuge.
The Turner Thesis, as it came to be called, stated that frontier life created Americans who had what four qualities?
1.stated that frontier life created Americans who were socially mobile
2.ready for adventure
3.bent on individual self-importance
4.committed to democracy.
The People's Party or the Populists called for what five things in its political platform?
1.increased circulation of money
2.unlimited minting of silver
3.progressive income tax which would put a greater financial burden on the wealthy industries and a lesser one on farmers
4.Government-owned communication and transportation systems
5. Eight hour work days
What is meant by the term "The Gilded Age"? Who coined the term "The Gilded Age"?
-a glittering layer of prosperity that covered the poverty and corruption that existed in much of society.
In the late 1800s, businesses operated without much what? This is known as laissez-faire economics, what does this French term mean? I
-operated without much government regulation
-laissez-faire regulation. Laissez-faire means "allow to be" in french.
Under the Spoils System, candidates for political office would do what? The spoils system also gave supporters access to what two things
-System candidates for political office would offer potential jobs in exchange for votes
-The spoils system also gave supporters access to money and political favors.
By controlling immigrants, they hoped to do what?
they hoped to restore what they believed was a past of purity and virtue.
What is meant by the term "nativism"? Does nativism still exist in the 21st century, explain why or why not?
-favoring native-born Americans over immigrants.
-Nativists are definitely still around in the 21st century. Racism is the exact thing. Many people strongly dislike or hate other skin colors than themselves. Many blacks do not get jobs for this.
What was the temperance movement?
organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption saw a revival in the late 1800s. Three major groups led the movement and supported prohibition, a ban on the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. These groups believed that drinking led to personal tragedies and they also saw a link among saloons, immigrants, and political bosses.
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