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NUR255 Quiz #1 Study Review
Terms in this set (24)
What happens in a GI bleed?
Fluid loss which lead to hypovolemia.
What does intravascular mean and what is it also known as?
Plasma aka extracellular fluid
How much does plasma account for in body weight?
How much does extracellular fluid account for in body weight?
How much does interstitual account for in body weight?
What is intracellular fluid?
fluid inside the cell and accounts for 40-60% of body weight, mostly resistant to fluid shift
What is sodium's reference range?
What are the electrolytes measured in BMP?
Sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, chloride, BUN, creatinine
What is the nurse's responsibility for a patient with FVD?
Monitor intake and output, daily weights, check sodium.
What does isotonic mean?
both solutions have an equal concentration
What does hypotonic fluids mean?
Interstitial fluid goes into the cell.
What does hypertonic fluids mean?
Fluid from the cell goes out to intravascular fluid
What is happening to a patient with hypovolemic shock?
An increase in heart rate and a decrease in blood pressure
What happens when a patient is vomiting and has diarrhea?
They lose fluid (FVD) and a decrease and bicarbonate levels
What electrolyte is lost as a result of vomiting?
What is the ABG results of a patient breathing slowly?
Respiratory Acidosis (Holding O2)
What is the ABG results of a patient that is hyperventilating?
What happens if a patient has low sodium?
Give them a hypertonic solution.
Where does the fluid go in a hypertonic solution?
Extracellular to Intracellular
What is the range for Magnesium?
What electrolyte plays havoc with the heart?
Potassium and Magnesium.
How does NG suction affect electrolytes?
Do you ever do an IV push for potassium?
What is the purpose of diuretics?
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Fundamentals of Physics
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Introduction to Electrodynamics
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Giancoli Physics: Principles With Applications
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