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60 terms

Abnormal Psychology Disorders

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generalized anxiety disorder
persistent and excessive feelings of anxiety and worry about numerous events and activities
specific phobia
severe and persistent fear of a specific object or situation
social phobia
severe and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur
panic disorder
recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks, palpitations of the heart, tingling in the hands, chest pains, faintness, dizziness, difficulty breathing
obsessive-compulsive disorder
person has recurrent and unwanted thoughts, a need to perform repetitive and rigid actions, or both, compulsions are repetitive actions aimed at reducing anxiety caused by the obsession
acute stress disorder
fear and related symptoms are experienced soon after a traumatic event and last less than a month, re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoidance, reduced responsiveness, increased arousal/anxiety/guilt
posttraumatic stress disorder
fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event, symptoms very similar to acute just last much longer
dissociative disorder
disorders marked by major chances in memory that do not have clear physical causes
dissociative amnesia
inability to recall important personal events and information (localized, selective, generalized, continuous)
dissociative fugue
person travels to a new location and may assume a new identity, simultaneously forgetting his or her past, tend to end abruptly
dissociative identity disorder
a person develops two or more distinct personalities, primary or host personality, mutually amnesic, mutually cognizant, one-way amnesic, and co-conscious sub-personalities
somatoform disorder
a physical illness or ailment that is explained largely by psychosocial causes, in which the patient experiences no sense of wanting or guiding the symptoms, hysterical vs. preoccupational
conversion disorder
somatoform disorder in which a psychosocial need or conflict is converted into dramatic physical symptoms that affect voluntary motor or sensory functions
somatization disorder
somatoform disorder marked by numerous recurring physicalailments without an organic basis, last much longer than conversion, may fluctuate over time but rarely disappears without thearpy unlike conversion
hypochondriasis
people mistakenly fear that minor changes in their physical functioning indicate a serious disease
body dysmorphic disorder
excessive worry that some aspect of one's physical appearance is defective
factitious disorder
an illness with no identifiable physical cause, in which the patient is believed to be intentionally producing or faking symptoms in order to assume a sick role
malingering
intentionally fake illness to achieve some external gain, such as financial compensation
anorexia nervosa
pursuit of extreme thinness and by extreme loss of weight, preoccupied with food, thinks in distorted ways, psychological problems (stress, depression, anxiety)
bulimia nervosa
frequent eating binges that are followed by forced vomiting or other extreme compensatory behaviors to avoid gaining weight
separation anxiety disorder
childhood disorder marked by excessive anxiety, even panic, whenever the child is separated from home to parent
oppositional defiant disorder
children argue repeatedly with adults, lost their temper, and swear, feeling intense anger and resentment
conduct disorder
child repeatedly violates the basic rights of others, displaying aggression and sometimes destroying others' property, stealing, or running away from home, often leads to issues later in life, associated with ant-social personality disorder
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
inability to focus attention, overactive and impulsive behavior, or both
enuresis
marked by repeated bed-wetting or wetting of one's cloths, bell-and-battery technique
encopresis
defecating in inappropriate places, such as one's clothes
autism
developmental disorder marked by extreme unresponsiveness to others, poor communication skills, and highly repetitive and rigid behaivor (lack of imaginative play, often don't speak, perseveration of sameness)
asperger's disorder
individuals display profound social impairment yet maintains a relatively high level of cognitive functioning and language skills, theory of mind
mental retardation
marked by intellectual functioning and adaptive functioning that are well below average (below 70)
Delirium
a rapidly developing clouding of consciousness, the person has a great difficulty concentrating, focusing attention, and follwoing on orderly sequence of thought, common in elderly
dementia
syndrome marked by sever problems in memory and in at least one other cognitive function
alzheimer's disorder
the most common form of dementia, usually occuring after the age of 65, neurofibrillar tangles, senile plaques
vascular dementia
dementia causes by a cerebrovascualar accident, or stroke, which restricts blood lfow to certain areas of the brain
major depressive disorder
a severe pattern of depression that is disabling and is not caused by such factors as drugs or a genderal medical condition
dysthymic disorder
mood disorder that is similar to but longer-lasting and less disabling than a major depressive disorder
bipolar I disorder
a type o fbipolar dsorder marked by full manic and major depressive episodes
bipolar II disorder
a type of bipolar disorder marked by mildly manic (hypomanic_ peisodes and major depressive episodes
cyclothymic disorder
marked by hypomania as well as dysthymic episodes
schizophrenia
any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
brief psychotic disorder
various psychotic symptoms suchg as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, flat or inappropriate affect, and catatonia for less than one month
schizophreniform disorder
various psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, flat or inapropriate affect, and catatonia for one to six months
schizoaffective disorder
marked symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder for six months or more
delusional disorder
presistent delusions that are not bizarre and not due to schizophrenia, persecutor, jealous, grandiose, and somatic delusions are common
shared psychotic disorder
person adopts delusions that are held by another individual, such a sa parent or sibiling, also known as folie a deux
intoxication
maladaptive and impairing effects occur because of a substance
substance abuse
a pattern in which people rely on a drug excessively and regularly, bringin damage to their relationships, functioning poorly at work, or putting themselves or others in danger
substance dependence
a pattern in which people organize their lives around a drug, possibly building a tolerance to it, experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking it, or both
tolerance
an adjustment by th ebrain and the body to the regular use of certain drugs so that ever larger doses are needed to achieve earlier effects
withdrawal
unpleasant, sometiems dangerous reactions that may occur when chronic users of a drug stop taking it or reduce their dosage
personality disorder
ver rigid patter of inner experience and outward behavior that differs from the expectatiosn of one's culture and leads to dysfunctioning
paranoid
a personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others
schizoid
a personality disorder characterized by persistent avoidance of social relationships and little expression of emotions, prefer to be alone, focus on themselves, cold and humorless
schizotypal
personality disorder characterized by extreme discomfort in close relationships, odd forms of thinking and perceiving, and behavioral eccentricities, ideas of reference, bodily illusions, trouble focusing attention, close to schizophrenia
antisocial
personality disoder marked by a general pattern of disregard for and violation of other people's rights
boderline
personality disorder characterized by repeated instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and mood and by impulsive behavior
narcissistic
personality disorder marked by a broad pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy, expect constant attention, convinced of their own power/success/beauty
histrionic
personality disorder characterized bya pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking, exaggerated emotion/self-dramatization, uses of physical appearance to draw attention to the self, inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior, impressionistic speech
avoidant
personality disorder characterized by consistent discomfort and restraint in social siutations, overwhelming feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation
dependant
personality disorder characterized by a pattern of clinging and obedience, fear of seperation, and an ongoing need to be taken care of
obsessive-compulsive
a personality disorder marked by such intense focus on orderliness, perfectionism, and control that the individual loses flexibility, openness, and efficiency