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Terms in this set (29)
The Virginia Company of London
Financed a venture to colonize North America.
First inhabited Virginia.
Led an expedition to North America
King James of England
Granted the charter to establish a settlement in North America.
Jamestown is located on an island which allowed the colonist to ???
Easily defend the colony.
Cause- Jamestown had an unhealthy water supply.
Colonist had to work hard to get clean water. Many became sick from the dirty water.
Cause- Many colonist were "gentlemen" and they lacked necessary labor skills.
Many "gentlemen" colonists didn't want to have to work hard or didn't know how to do necessary jobs like planting which led to a shortage of food, make tools to farm and build, fire weapons to help defend the colony.
Cause- There was not enough food for the settlers.
Many people became ill and some died. Morale of the colonists was low. The colonist had to get along with the Indians in order to learn from them (farming, hunting, trading).
Jamestown was primarily an _____? King James and other investors wanted to _____?
England hoped to find what two things in America?
Silver and gold.
What year was Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America established?
The Jamestown colonist were always prepared to defend themselves against two groups of people. They were?
Native Americans and Spanish
England depended on what from the colony to be exported to England?
When the settlers first arrived, Jamestown was located on a _____? Today it is located on an island.
The first General Assembly included two representatives and was called?
The Burgesses originally met with the Governor's council and the Governor. In the 1640's they met separately from the Governor's council and were called?
The House of Burgesses.
The first elected legislative body in English America, giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government was called?
The House of Burgesses.
Charters granted by King James extended English rights to?
The colonists of Jamestown.
The Assembly included two representatives called ____ from each of the divisions of Virginia.
Only certain free adult ____ had the right to take part in the legislative body.
What three things resulted in the survival of Jamestown?
Arrival of supply ships, the forced work program & strong leadership of Captain John Smith, emphasis on agriculture.
Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with who?
The natives trades food with the colonists for what items?
tools, pots, copper for jewelry
Many settlers died from two things, they were?
starvation and disease
Over time the natives saw the colonists as ___ that would take over their land.
Portuguese sailors captured _____ in the area now present day Angola.
African men and women.
African men and women served as ____ against their will.
What crop was able to expand because slaves were available and used?
The arrival of ____ ____ in 1620 made it possible for settlers to establish families>
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