Create an account
The process of selecting a few organisms with desired traits to serve as parents of the next generation
continued breeding of individuals with similar characteristics to maintain the desired characteristics of a line of organisms
the crossing of an individual of unknown genotype with a homozygous recessive individual to determine the unknown genotype
thechnology that invlolves manipulating the DNA of one organism in order to insert exogeneous DNA
any of the enzymes that cut nucleic acid at specific restriction sites and produce restriction fragments. Many create sticky ends in the process.
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel
genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
The smalll, circular segments of DNA that are found in bacteria and that stay sparate from the bacterial chromosomes; used in genetic engineering.
an enzyme that eventually joins the sugar-phosphate backbones of the Okazaki fragments. used in recombinant DNA to join two DNA fragments chemically.
(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
the process that results in large numbers of identical bacteria each containing inserted DNA molecules
polymerase chain reaction
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene
analysis of sections of noncoding DNA that vary widely from one individual to another, in order to identify individuals
tiny microscope slides that are spotted with DNA fragmetns in orger to analyze all the expressed genes from a given organism
The insertion of working copies of a gene into the cells of a person with a genetic disorder in an attempt to correct the disorder
the branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together