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Secret ballot

Allows people to cast votes without announcing them publicly


An alliance of different political parties

Abolition movement

Campaign against slavery and the slave trade

Louisiana Purchase

Land acquisition that doubled the size of the United States

Capital offense

A crime punishable by death


Movement devoted to rebuilding a Jewish state in Palestine


Legal separation of the races

Home rule

Local self-government

Manifest Destiny

Idea that it was inevitable that the United States would expand across the continent


The body of people allowed to vote

Social Welfare

Government program to help certain groups of citizens


Violent mob attack against Jews

Francis Joseph

Inherited Hapsburg throne at age 18


Title of William I of Germany


Elected national legislature in Russia


A person who wants to abolish all government

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Leader of "Red Shirts"

Through reforms that took place during the late 1800s, Britain transformed itself into what type of government?

A parliamentary democracy

What war brought an end to France's Second Empire?

Franco-Prussian War

Who helped launch modern Zionism in the late 1800s?

Theodor Herzl helped launch modern Zionism

In 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, what did Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Candy organize?

The first women's rights convention

In the 1890s, U.S. farmers joined city workers to support which political party?

Populist party

In Bismarck's practice of Realpolitik, his political actions were guided by what?

The needs of the state

Why did William II ask Bismarck to resign?

William II wanted no rivals

Bismarck introduced many social reforms in Germany because he wanted to do what?

Avoid a socialist revolution

Synthetic dyes were among the new products that resulted from cooperation between German industrialists and who?


When Italy unified, what form of government did it take?

A constitutional Monarchy

What were some obstacles to progress in Russia in the 1800s?

A rigid social structure

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