Diseases, Disorders and Infection Control Study Guide

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Fragilities crinium is the technical term for
Split Ends
The technical term for gray hair is
Canities
An abnormal coverage of hair on the body where normally only vellus hair appears is
Hypertrichosis
A condition in which alternating bands of gray and dark hair exist is called
Ringed hair
A condition in which the hair is beaded is called
Monilethrix
The medical term for head lice is
Pediculosis capitis
The medical term for greasy or waxy dandruff is
Pityriasis steatoides
The most common form of hair loss in both men and women is
Androgenic alopecia
In androgenic alopecia, a combination of heredity, hormones and age cause
The shrinking of hair follicles
Sudden hair loss in round or irregular patches without the display of an inflamed scalp is referred to as
Alopecia areata
Which term is a temporary hair loss that occurs in only women
Postpartum alopecia
What should be done if a client has an infection disease or disorder of the scalp
Refuse the service and refer the client to a physician
A disease that spreads by personal contact is known as
Contagious or communicable disease
Abnormal changes in the structure of organs or tissues are called primary and secondary
Lesions
A freckly is a type of
Macule
Herpes simplex is the technical name for which of the following conditions
Fever blister or cold sore
Which of the following lesions is characterized by a solid formation above the skin, often caused by an insect bite or an allergic reaction?
Wheals
A secondary lesion appearing as round, dry patches of skin covered with rough, silvery scales is called
Psoriasis
Which of the following secondary lesions are cracks in the skin
Fissures
The dried remains of a healing wound are known as what
Crusts
The lesion found following the healing of an injury or wound is called a
Scar
Which of the following describes a thickening of the epidermis from pressure and friction applied to the skin
Callus
A congenital failure of the skin to form melanin pigment is known as
Albinism
Masses of sebum trapped in the hair follicle are known as comedones or which of the following
Blackheads
A condition characterized by dry, scaly skin caused by a decreased production of sebum is called
Asteatosis
Which of the following is the term used for foul smelling perspiration
Bromhidrosis
The lack of perspiration caused by fever or disease is known as
Anhidrosis
What sebaceous gland disorder appears in the dermis and epidermis is caused by an acute bacterial infection
Boil
What disease is commonly called athlete's foot or ringworm of the foot
Tinea pedis
What condition could result when hangnails become infected
Paronychia
The technical term for poor circulation that can cause a disorder is
Blue nails
The disorder in which the nail grows into the edge of the nail groove causing ingrown nails is called
Onychocryptosis
Small white spots in the nail as a result of injury is called
Leukonychia
Agnail is another name for
Hangnail
What sign can indicate a serious problem in the nail bed or nail plate
Discoloration
Improper filing, injuries or harsh chemicals can be causes of which of the following
Split nails
As people age, elastin fibers naturally ______ causing wrinkling
Weaken
Approximately _________ percent of aging is caused by the rays of the sun
80-85
The weakening of collagen and elastic fibers occurs at a faster rate when the skin is frequently exposed to ________ without proper production
UVA rays
Shorter rays that stop penetration at the base of the epidermis are known as _________ rays
UVB
Children under the age of _______ should not be exposed to the sun
6 months
A closed abnormally developed sac containing fluid, semifluid, or morbud above or below the skin is a
Cyst
A skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping is known as
An excoriation
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is called
A keloid
An inflamed pimple containing pus is known as a
Pustule
The technical term for whiteheads is
Closed comedones
The technical term for excessive perspiration is
Hyperhidrosis
Congenital absence of melanin pigment of the body is known as
Albinism
The technical term for a birthmark is
Nevus
The technical term for a callus is
Keratoma
A small brownish spot or blemish on the skin that ranges in color from pale tan to brown or blueish black is a
Mole
The technical term for a wart is
Verruca
Skin cancer that starts with a black or dark brown patch on the skin that appears uneven in texture, jagged or raised is
Malignant melanoma
An eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substances such as chemicals or tints is
Dermatitis venenata
A skin disorder that is characterized by light abnormal patches and caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells is called
Leukoderma
The American Cancer Society recommends using the ABCDE Cancer Checklist to help make skin cancer easier to recognize; the A represents asymmetry, the B represents border, the C represents __________, the D represents diameter and the E represents evolving
Color
Hangnail or agnail is a condition of
Split cuticles
Eggshell nails have a thin nail plate and are noticeably _______ than normal
More flexible
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails is called
Melanonychia
Parasites are also known as
Fungi
Nail disease or deformity in general is called
Onychosis
Tinea pedis is the medical term for
Fungal infection of the feet
__________ is a topical medication that is applied to the scalp twice daily and has been proven to stimulate hair growth
Minoxidil
________ is an oral prescription medication for hair loss that is available to me only
Finasteride
The technical term for spilt ends is
Tricboptilosis
A scalp condition characterized by red papules or spots at the opening of hair follicles is
Tinea capitis
Who enforces the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
What term describes the methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infection organisms
Infection Control
Pathogenic bacteria are
Harmful
Disinfectants used in salons that are capable of destroying bacteria are
Bactericidal
Disinfectants capable of destroying viruses are
Virucidal
Disinfectants capable of destroying fungi are
Fungicidal
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics are
Bacterica
Bacteria that are round-shaped and appear singly or in groups are
Cocci
Bacteria that are spherical and grow in pairs that cause pneumonia are
Diplococci
A contagious disease is also known as
Communicable disease
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism is known as
Virus
Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids such as hepatitis and HIV are called
Bloodborne pathogens
Microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews and yeasts are known as
Fungi
Organisms that grow, feed and shelter on or in another organism are known as
Parasites
What are the three ways of proper decontamination (in order) to prevent the spread of disease
Disinfection, sanitation, sterilization