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potential for healthy growth

Humanisitic psychologists focus attention on the importance of people's ________.

Mary Whiton Calkins

First female president of APA

Hindsight Bias

Given 1/2 the members of the group, some findings:
"Absence makes the heart grow fonder"

stratified sample to population

Statistical reasoning can help us correctly generalize _____ to _____.

the bloodstream

The endocrine glands screte hormoes directly into ________.


Which nervous system stimulates digestion & slows the heartbeat?

polarization : depolarization

Resting potential is to action potential as _________ is to ________.


Schizophrenia is most closely linked to which neurotransmitter?


To fully appreciate the interaction of nerual activity, people should be seen as these systems

reticular formation

Which region of brain stem arouses you when someone calls your name?

continuity vs. stages

1 of the 3 major concerns of developmental psychology center around nature v. nurture and _____ vs. _____.


The Krafts established and enforced rules, and gave reasons, they are ______ parents

mental skills develop earlier and more gradually

The current research about Piaget says that mental skills develop__________ and ________.


example: lambs stay near cattle


A child's realization that other's may have beliefs different than their own illustrates that they are not entirely ______.

nocturnal emission

What is another name for a male's first ejaculation

recalling meaningless material

In recall & recognition tests for recently learned materials, older people have trouble with _______.


Menopause is associated with the reduction of ______.

50% of the time

The absolute threshold is the minimum stimulation needed to detect _______.

the cocktail party effect

Because she was listening to the news on the radio, the lady didn't hear a word her husband was saying, this is an example of ________.

subliminal stimulation

example: musical audiotapes accompanied by secret messages


the amplitude of light wavelengths determines ______.


green light is _______ in wave length than red light.

the bell in front of you

which of the following sounds would be the hardest to locate correctly?

the rubber hand illusion

the impact of vision on the sense of touch is best illustrated by _____.

sensory interaction

with her eyes closed and her hose plugged, she couldn't taste difference between onion and a pear. her experience illustrates ______.

top-down processing

people are more likely to perceive a figure/ground picture as reversible if told so. this illustrates _________.

relative height

which of the following distance cues contributes to the perception that the height of St. Louis arch is greater than width?

closer : farther

cars are typically perceived as ________ if they have bright headlights rather than dim headlighs and _________farther if they are higher than lower.

perception is innate and helps to organize sensory experiences

the philosopher Immanuel Kant emphasized that ______.

stage 4

compared to young adults, older adults spend a relatively small amounts of their sleep in ______.

feeling that one's life is meaningless

research suggests an important factor in teen drug abuse is _______.

depressants, stimulants, and hallucinogens

3 main categories of psychoactive drugs


this person is associated with classical conditioning

conditioned stimulus

alexis is addicted to drugs. the room in which she does drugs will become a _________________.


the most crucial ingredient in all learning is ____________.


based on research on role of cognitive process and learning,the strength of a conditioned response depends primarily on CS/US association


after recovering from a motorcycle accident, jeanna is afraid to ride a motorcycle but not a bicycle. this is an example of ____________.


in order to teach an animal a complete sequence of behaviors, animal trainers use _______.

positive reinforcement

because mandesa would always pick up her daughter when she cried, the baby became a cry baby. in this case, picking up the baby served as _______________.

variable interval

a small town DJ announces how much money is in a jackpot and people randomly call to win. this is an example of ________.

encoding : storage

memory acquisition is to memory retention as ___________ is to ______.

less sympathy for victims

prolonged exposure to TV violence leads viewers to experience _______________.

less permanent and more limited

compared to long term memory, short term memory is _______________.

hierarchical organization

by creating outline of texts and notes, you are creating ______________.

automatic processing

encoding that occurs with no effort

damage to hippocampus

although mr. yanagita plays poker well, he can't remember learning to play. this is a result of _______________.


shortly after seeing a poster of a missing child, people tend to notice suspicious behavior involving children. this is an example of _________.

encoding failure

austin can't remember jack's name because he wasn't paying attention. this is an example of __________.

mental set

the tendency to approach a problem in a way that has been successful in the past


most people take less time to recognize a cow as a mammal than a mouse. this is because a cow best fits peoples' ________.

child hood

research suggests that humans can best master a language in _________.


smallest speech units that carry meaning

normal distribution

bell shaped curve demonstrates

mentally rotating 360 objects

on which of the following tasks are boys better than girls?

explore (?)

the arousal theory of motivation would be most useful for explaining an infants ________.

low blood glucose level

which of the following is most clearly not an incentive?


destruction of lateral results in _______.


destruction of ventral results in ________.

refractory period

time span after orgasm

parasympathetic nervous system

dominique saw 6 fire trucks, she became scared then then was CALMED DOWN because of the ________________.

facial muscles

most unambiguous nonverbal cue of emotion state is provided by ____________ .


freud suggested superego develops through __________.


freud's theory, behavior of newborn is controlled by _____.


according to freud, the most important errogenous zone during infancy is the _______.


although eduardo has repressed his homosexual desires, he is distressed by a false suspicion that men lust after him. this is an example of__________.


according to freud, thoughts too unsettling for people to acknowledge


pleasure principle is associated with the ____.


reality principle is associated with the _____.

super ego

morality principle is associated with the ____.

experience external locus of control

self-actualized people are least likely to ________.


which theorists have been criticized for underestimating the predisposition for humans to be evil?


big 5 is apart of which dimension?

have high self-esteem

by comparing themselves to the same ethnicity, minorities are very likely to _____________.


it is most helpful to use __________ approach to explain why certain psychological disorders only occur in specific cultures.

persistent and distressing

anxiety is considered a disorder if it is _________.

a compulsion

repeatedly checking to see if your stove is off is _______.


researchers have found that low levels of _________ were found in 13 year old boys who became convicts at an older age.


compared to those who suffer with no disorder, the risk of suicide is _________(higher or lower) with alcohol. compared with general population, the risk of suicide is __________(higher or lower) to those with depression.


the hallucinations experienced by those with schizophrenia involves which sense?


feelings based on our beliefs that predispose us to respond to particular things

irresponsible and unmotivated

fundamental attribution error, unemployed people are ___________.

foot in the door phenomenon

the tendency for initial compliance for a small request then big request

friendly and close, unfriendly and close

job applicants interviewed by unfriendly and friendly employers who sit at a normal distance and close distance, applicants prefer _________________.

social loafing

the tendency for people to exert less effort when they are pulling their effort toward a common goal

improves on easy tasks, hinders on hard tasks

how does the presence of observers affect the performance of a task?


law abiding citizens may vandalize and loot when part of a mob. this is an example of __________.

low serotonin and high testosterone

which of the following is true of violent male criminals?


when white university women withheld criticism of a flawed essay by a black student, this demonstrates _______.

self fulfilling prophecy

countryA increased size of military because they predicted that countryB would do the same. country B did the same after country!. the responses demonstrate_______.

social scripts provided by media

a significant danger of media violence is that impressionable viewers are more likely to enact ____________.

catharsis hypothesis

research on the effects of violent video games provides evidence that disconfirms the __________.

social exchange theory

katcha donated money to charity in order to boost her own self esteem. jennifer failed to contribute because she was afraid of running out of money. this is an example of ______.

proximity and liking

the mere exposure effect most directly contributes the positive relationship between________.

superordinate goal

the success of inter racial learning best illustrates _______.


our first impressions of those we meet are most likely to be determined by _________.

operant conditioning

ever since julio's mother began to give gold stars for keeping his bed dry, he stopped wetting the bed. this is an example of _______.

less effective than positive reinforcers

most psychologists think punishment is ________

you are able to achieve new insights through your writing

theresa, a high school teacher, is eager to promote creative writing skills, she tells her class _____________.

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