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CEI Chapter 6
Terms in this set (24)
polar bears and pollution smokestacks
What are the first images you find when you type climate change on google images>
____ is the tendency of some sections of the scientific community and the media to sensationalize climate change data in evermore apocalyptic terms
this is the longest instrumental record of atmospheric CO2 in the world, and that it shows that CO2 levels were rising steadily
Where is the Mauna Loa Observatory?
CO2 in the atmosphere has risen by almost __% since the industrial revolution
7, fossil fuel, land use
The amount of carbon in the atmosphere is increasing about ____ gigatons per year, mostly do to ___ burning and _____ changes such as deforestation that destroy all soil organic carbon.
nitrogen, oxygen, 90
___ and ___ outweigh all other gases in the atmosphere making about __% of the atmpshere
CO2, methane (CH4), and water vapor
What are the three greenhouse gases?
they keep our planetary temperatures livable
What are greenhouse gases?
this is the type of energy, or radiation, emitted by the sun
Most of the waves arrive from the sun have very ____ wavelengths
gamma rays, ultraviolet rays, visible light, 90%
What are the three short wavelengths and what percent of the radiation of these is coming from the sun?
everything around you is constantly emitting radiation
What is longwave radiation?
What is another name for longwave radiation?
infrared, microwave, radio waves
What are the three longwave radiations?
As you increase temperature of an object, the wavelength ______.
Earth is approximately ___ million miles from the sun.
I is the energy input
O is the energy outout
(detla S) is the change of storage of total energy within Earth's atmopshere
I - O = (detla)S
reflectivity, and 30% for clouds
What does albedo mean and what percent of this has to do with Earth?
about __% of UV radiation is absorbed by the Earth's surface
The ________ reduces the amount of longwave radiation emitted directly back into space and warms the Earth's surface and lower atmosphere
-.7 F, or -18 C
What would the average temp of Earth be without an atmosphere?
anthropogenic climate change
____ is a human caused acceleration of the greenhouse effect
.9 C (1.5 F)
Average global temperatures have risen by _______ during the 20th century which is an unprecedented rate of change over both human and longer-term geologic timescales.
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