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63 terms

Spanish Exam Book 1

STUDY
PLAY
ch, ll, N, rr
list the extra letters in the spanish alphabet
w, k
which 2 letters in spanish arent rely letters (not used very often)
h
which letter in spanish is silent?
g, j
which 2 letters (first one sometimes, 2nd one always) sounds like an h?
b, v/ll, y
list 2 sets of letters tht sound exactly the same
vowels
we divide spanish words by how many ____ they have
dipthongs
we divide spanish words by how many vowels they have. the exception to this rule would be:
split, don't split
if there is an accent on a dipthong you (split, don't split) it but if there is no accent you (split, don't split)
before
consonants generally come (before, after) the vowel in their syllable (think is it ca+sa or cas+a?)
yes or no questions
the main time intonation goes up at the end of a sentence in Spanish is with:
proper names, starting a sentence, countries
list the areas where you would capitalize: proper names, starting a sentence, days of the week, months, titles (such as Mr. or Mrs, principal, etc), adjectives of nationality (Mexican, Spanish, etc.), countries (Spain, America)
masculine
are N, L, and R usually masculine or feminine?
talking about him
when would it be appropriate to add "the" before someone's name?
no __ sino __ (not this but this)
When using sino, how would you say it? write in spanish
(this not this or not this but this)
__ pero __ (this not this)
how would u use pero? write in spanish (this not this or not this but this)
u
If you are using O which means or, what do you change the O to if the word after it starts with an O?
e
If you are using Y which means and, what do you change the Y to if the word after it starts with an I?
add s
how do you make a word ending in a vowel plural?
add es
how do you make a word ending in a consonant plural?
drop z and add ces
how do you make a word ending in a z plural?
location, feeling, temporary condition
list the three times you use estA
al, del
2 times u use contractions
ser
which one, ser or estar do u use for time? (it is one o'clock)
el cuatro de julio
how do you say it's the 4th of july
el primero de enero
how do u say its january first?
2nd, 3rd
usted is ___ person in meaning but treated like ___ person
yes, nosotras
can nosostros be feminine? if so what would it be?
quiEn
who
quE
what, which
a quiEn
whom
cuAndo
when
dOnde
where
cOmo
how
cuAnto
how much
cuAntos
how many
cUal
which
Bible, cuba, spain
vosotros is used in 3 places:
ruso, rusa, rusos, rusas
for nationality adjectives, if it ends w/ an o, example being ruso, u conjugate it:
espaNol, espaNola, espaNoles, espaNolas
for nationality adjectives, if it ends w/ an l, example being espaNol, u conjugate it:
have, have to
just tengo is translated:, tengo que is translated:
es la una y viente y nueve
how do you say: it's 1:29
son las dos y media
how do you say: it's 2:30
son las tres y cuarto
how do you say: it's 3:15
son las cuatro menos cuarto
how do you say: it's 3:45
son las cinco menos viente y ocho
how do you say: it's 4:58
es mediodIa
how do you say: it's noon
es medianoche
how do you say: it's midnight
son las diez en punto
how do you say: it's 10:00 on the dot/ exactly 10:00
de la madrugada
how do you say in the early morning (12-6 a.m.)
de la maNana
how do you say in the morning (6-12 a.m.)
de la tarde
how do you say in the afternoon (12-6 p.m.)
de la noche
how do you say in the evening (6-12 p.m.)
quE hora es?
how do you say "what time is it?"
a quE hora?
how do you say "at what time?"
to go
what does ir mean?
Yo voy a Roma
How do you say: "I'm going to Rome"
hay
there is/there are
no
are there conjugations for hay?
mi, tu, su, nuestro vuestro, su
list the posessive pronouns; remember that every single one will add an "s" if the thing it is possessing is plural (ex. bookS)
este, ese, aquel
how do you say this, tht, that over there? (masculine)
esta, esa, aquella
how do you say this, tht, that over there? (feminine)
veo a Maya
How do you say "I see Maya"
a
Before saying a human direct object like I see Maya or I hear Maya or I love Maya always add this: