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100 terms

World Music Exam Native American

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What tribe does the robin dance?
Seneca
Why do the southern utes play the flute?
to court women
What are the 2 things that comprise the Seneca robin dance?
chant and drum
What tribe does the corn grinding song?
Navajo
What do you call the Native American instrument that is made with a dried gourd and seeds?
rattle
What is the wooden instrument with teeth to rub?
rasp
What culture (besides native americans) use something like a rasp?
cuba
What tribe does the bear dance?
southern ute
What instrument makes the clawing sound in the bear dance music?
rasp
How do the native americans make the bell sounds in their music?
wear the bells (often around their calves)
What do pueblo dances typically honor?
animal or bird
What tribe does the eagle dance?
pueblo
What tribe does the hoop dance?
taos pueblos
What tribe does the bow and arrow dance?
pueblo
What type of singing is typical of native american music? (...phonic)
monophonic
Singing in harmony (more than one note) is called... (...phonic)?
homophonic
Singing multiple melodies at the same time is called...(...phonic)?
polyphonic
Singing only one melody is called...(...phonic)?
monophonic
When the leader sings and the group responds:
call and response
What tribe does the death chant?
creek
What is unusual about the Creek death chant?
harmony
the native american instrument that looks like a piece of wood on a string:
whip
what are the 4 major native american instruments?
bells, rattle, drum, rasp
what are 2 less common instruments for Native Americans, seen in the Seminole portion of the video in class?
clave and prayer stones
instrument consisting of 2 sticks clapped together
clave
instrument consisting of 2 rocks clapped together
prayer stones
where do we typically see the clave?
cuba and brazil
How many tribes in continental north america?
over 300
most ameriindian music is passed on via....
oral transmission
overall, what stands out as a central theme in the construction of native american music?
simple and repetitive
the absence of harmony is called
monophonic
how many sticks do the native americans usually use on their drums (per person)
one
2 styles of native american lyrics
vocables and actual words
vocables that we see in our music are in...
jazz (scat)
the first and/or most important music generated in the united states
jazz
purpose of vocables
express emotion
who introduced scat singing
Louis Armstrong
the beat structure is called...
meter
when you clap to a song that is the ....
meter
what is 1-2 beat called?
duple
what is the standard meter in american music
duple
what is the meter in native american music
duple
What, in general is true in regards to performance and participation in native american music (and many other cultures)?
men perform, everyone participates
Why hasn't native american music become more complex?
oral tradition places limits; already complex in its own ways (dance especially), complexity is not important to them
Who was the conductor of the 1980 NY philharmonic in the youtube video of Pavarotti that we watched?
Zubin Mehta
What was the name of the song that Pavarotti sang in the youtube video we watched?
Nessun Dorma
What was the purpose of watching Pavarotti in the Native American portion of our class?
to illustrate how musical complexity is important to us (as opposed to native americans)
Describe the drum sticks used by the Bear Creek pow wow group on youtube
look like miniature corn dogs, oblong, cotton batting, leather on the top
What was significant about how the bear creek pow wow group played their drum?
about 10 guys beat on one drum together, each using one stick
what is another name for slide (in music)
portamento
what is another name for portamento (in music)
slide
what is another name for stanza
verse
what is another name for verse
stanza
what are some typical characteristics of Sioux music?
falsetto and slide
Where did the Sioux live
midwest Plains and SW
In regards to indians and pitch, who typically has high and low pitch, in relation to being northern or southern?
northern is low pitch, southern is high pitch
What are 3 characteristics of the Zuni tribe?
pueblos, SW, mainly artisans (P M S)
Native american music is often only _______, repeated over and over
verse
what is the most standard music form?
A B A
what is the most satisfying music form?
A B A
what is another name for hook?
chorus
what is another name for chorus
hook
where is the story in music found?
the verse
What are 3 characteristics of Iroquois and their music?
relaxed, agricultural, NE woodlands (R A N)
What are 4 characteristics of the Navajo?
weaving, intermarried w/apaches, SW desert (W I S)
the creek death chant is influenced by ________
gregorian chant
What instrument(s) do you hear in Yeibichai?
rattle
Yeibichai - vocables, words, or both?
vocables
Yeibichai - form
ABC
Yeibichai - tribe
Navajo
Yeibichai - meaning
gods of their grandfathers
Yeibichai - what ceremony and what for?
Nightway ceremony; a ceremony for the sick; purification
Yeibichai - what can be noticed about the singing?
men, call and response, falsetto AND low pitch (big dips), monophonic (in unison)
What are some characteristics of the Nightway ceremony?
masks to impersonate gods, teams compete, prayer offerings (for the sick), sand paintings
what is a native american term for coda
tail
what is another name for tail (of a song)
coda
Grass dance - tribe
sioux
Grass dance song - form
A B A
Grass dance - vocables, words, or both
vocables
Grass dance - meter
3 beat AND 4 beat
Grass dance - what can be noticed about the singing?
leader, male repeat, women, portamento at end of female sections, falsetto
Grass dance - what instrument (s)
drum
Gadasjot - tribe
Iroquois
Gadasjot - name of dance that goes w/it
quiver dance or warriors stomp dance
Gadasjot - vocables, words, or both
both
Gadasjot - about
how ontario is full of good looking divorced women
Gadasjot - instrument(s)
none
Gadasjot - purpose in culture
recreational, tells a story
Gadasjot - what can be noticed about the singing?
call and response, relaxed, portamento at the end
Shizhane'e - meaning of title
I'm in luck
Enemyway ceremony - purpose
exorcise spirits after battle or other exposure to death;
Shizhane'e - words, vocables, or both
both
Shizhane'e'- meter
3 beat
Shizhane'e - form
AA BB CC D
Shizhane'e - What can be noticed about the singing?
melodic, men singing
Shizhane'e - ceremony that it is used for
enemyway ceremony
Shizhane'e - name(s) of dance that goes w/it
Circle dance
Lullaby - what can be noticed about singing?
monophonic, basically 2 notes, simple
Lullaby - tribe
Zuni
Lullaby - words, vocables, or both
words