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World Music Exam Native American
What tribe does the robin dance?
Why do the southern utes play the flute?
to court women
What are the 2 things that comprise the Seneca robin dance?
chant and drum
What tribe does the corn grinding song?
What do you call the Native American instrument that is made with a dried gourd and seeds?
What is the wooden instrument with teeth to rub?
What culture (besides native americans) use something like a rasp?
What tribe does the bear dance?
What instrument makes the clawing sound in the bear dance music?
How do the native americans make the bell sounds in their music?
wear the bells (often around their calves)
What do pueblo dances typically honor?
animal or bird
What tribe does the eagle dance?
What tribe does the hoop dance?
What tribe does the bow and arrow dance?
What type of singing is typical of native american music? (...phonic)
Singing in harmony (more than one note) is called... (...phonic)?
Singing multiple melodies at the same time is called...(...phonic)?
Singing only one melody is called...(...phonic)?
When the leader sings and the group responds:
call and response
What tribe does the death chant?
What is unusual about the Creek death chant?
the native american instrument that looks like a piece of wood on a string:
what are the 4 major native american instruments?
bells, rattle, drum, rasp
what are 2 less common instruments for Native Americans, seen in the Seminole portion of the video in class?
clave and prayer stones
instrument consisting of 2 sticks clapped together
instrument consisting of 2 rocks clapped together
where do we typically see the clave?
cuba and brazil
How many tribes in continental north america?
most ameriindian music is passed on via....
overall, what stands out as a central theme in the construction of native american music?
simple and repetitive
the absence of harmony is called
how many sticks do the native americans usually use on their drums (per person)
2 styles of native american lyrics
vocables and actual words
vocables that we see in our music are in...
the first and/or most important music generated in the united states
purpose of vocables
who introduced scat singing
the beat structure is called...
when you clap to a song that is the ....
what is 1-2 beat called?
what is the standard meter in american music
what is the meter in native american music
What, in general is true in regards to performance and participation in native american music (and many other cultures)?
men perform, everyone participates
Why hasn't native american music become more complex?
oral tradition places limits; already complex in its own ways (dance especially), complexity is not important to them
Who was the conductor of the 1980 NY philharmonic in the youtube video of Pavarotti that we watched?
What was the name of the song that Pavarotti sang in the youtube video we watched?
What was the purpose of watching Pavarotti in the Native American portion of our class?
to illustrate how musical complexity is important to us (as opposed to native americans)
Describe the drum sticks used by the Bear Creek pow wow group on youtube
look like miniature corn dogs, oblong, cotton batting, leather on the top
What was significant about how the bear creek pow wow group played their drum?
about 10 guys beat on one drum together, each using one stick
what is another name for slide (in music)
what is another name for portamento (in music)
what is another name for stanza
what is another name for verse
what are some typical characteristics of Sioux music?
falsetto and slide
Where did the Sioux live
midwest Plains and SW
In regards to indians and pitch, who typically has high and low pitch, in relation to being northern or southern?
northern is low pitch, southern is high pitch
What are 3 characteristics of the Zuni tribe?
pueblos, SW, mainly artisans (P M S)
Native american music is often only _______, repeated over and over
what is the most standard music form?
A B A
what is the most satisfying music form?
A B A
what is another name for hook?
what is another name for chorus
where is the story in music found?
What are 3 characteristics of Iroquois and their music?
relaxed, agricultural, NE woodlands (R A N)
What are 4 characteristics of the Navajo?
weaving, intermarried w/apaches, SW desert (W I S)
the creek death chant is influenced by ________
What instrument(s) do you hear in Yeibichai?
Yeibichai - vocables, words, or both?
Yeibichai - form
Yeibichai - tribe
Yeibichai - meaning
gods of their grandfathers
Yeibichai - what ceremony and what for?
Nightway ceremony; a ceremony for the sick; purification
Yeibichai - what can be noticed about the singing?
men, call and response, falsetto AND low pitch (big dips), monophonic (in unison)
What are some characteristics of the Nightway ceremony?
masks to impersonate gods, teams compete, prayer offerings (for the sick), sand paintings
what is a native american term for coda
what is another name for tail (of a song)
Grass dance - tribe
Grass dance song - form
A B A
Grass dance - vocables, words, or both
Grass dance - meter
3 beat AND 4 beat
Grass dance - what can be noticed about the singing?
leader, male repeat, women, portamento at end of female sections, falsetto
Grass dance - what instrument (s)
Gadasjot - tribe
Gadasjot - name of dance that goes w/it
quiver dance or warriors stomp dance
Gadasjot - vocables, words, or both
Gadasjot - about
how ontario is full of good looking divorced women
Gadasjot - instrument(s)
Gadasjot - purpose in culture
recreational, tells a story
Gadasjot - what can be noticed about the singing?
call and response, relaxed, portamento at the end
Shizhane'e - meaning of title
I'm in luck
Enemyway ceremony - purpose
exorcise spirits after battle or other exposure to death;
Shizhane'e - words, vocables, or both
Shizhane'e - form
AA BB CC D
Shizhane'e - What can be noticed about the singing?
melodic, men singing
Shizhane'e - ceremony that it is used for
Shizhane'e - name(s) of dance that goes w/it
Lullaby - what can be noticed about singing?
monophonic, basically 2 notes, simple
Lullaby - tribe
Lullaby - words, vocables, or both