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InQuizitive Chapter 16: America's Gilded Age, 1870—1890

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What arguments does Chief Joseph make about the treatment and conditions of his fellow Nez Percé in "Voices of Freedom"?
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1) Congress eliminated the treaty system with native tribes.

2) The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Elk v.Wilkins that citizenship did not apply to Native Americans.

3) The Dawes Act was passed, dividing tribal land into parcels of land open for white settlement.

4) Congress extended citizenship to all Native Americans.

The federal government actively promoted industrial and agricultural development. It enacted high tariffs that protected America from foreign competition, granted land for railroad companies to encourage construction, and used the army to remove Indians from western lands desired by farmers and mining companies.