Stewart Final Poetry Terms
Terms in this set (37)
One thing idea or action is referred to by a word or expression normally denoting another thing, idea, or action, so as to suggest some common quality shared by the two. In metaphor, this resemblance is assumed as an imaginary identity rather than directly stated as a comparison: referring to a man "as that pig" or saying "he is a pig" is metaphorical.
Explicit comparison between two different things actions or feelings using the words "as" or "like"
ex. "I wandered lonely as a cloud."
a figure of speech by which animals, abstract ideas, or in inanimate things are referred to as if they were human.
ex. "invention, nature's child, fled stepdame Study's blows."
A figure of speech that combines two contradictory terms in a compressed parodox as in the word "bittersweet"
A statement or expression so surprisingly self-contradictory as to provoke use into seeking another sense or context in which it would be true
an expression that achieves emphasis or humor by contriving an ambiguity, two distinct meanings being suggested either by the same word or by two similiar-sounding words
A salient abstract idea that emerges from a literary work's treatment of its subject matter; or a topic recurring in a number of literary works. While the subject of the work is described concretely in terms of it's actions (e.g.'the adventures of a newcomer in the big city') its theme(s) will be described in more abstract terms (e.g. Love, war, revenge, betrayal, fate, etc.)
A very vague critical term usually designating the mood or atmosphere of a work, although in some more restricted uses it refers to the author's attitude to the reader or the subject matter (e.g. ironic, light, solemn, satiric sentimental)
A subtly humorous perception of inconsistency, in which an apparently straightforward statement or event is undermined by its context so as to give it very different significance. Various types of irony include: verbal, structural, genetic, tragic, and cosmic.
a figure of speech that replaces the name of one thing with the name of something else closely associated with it.
ex. The Oval Office for the US presidency
the name of a part is substituted for the whole.
ex. hired hand for worker
A rhetorical figure in which the speaker address is a dead or absent person, or an abstraction or inanimate object.
parallel structure/ parallelism
The arrangement of similarly constructed clauses, sentences, or verse lines in a pairing or other sequence suggesting some correspondence between them
A rhetorical figure of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated in successive lines, clauses, or sentences.
A transition; change in tone, attitude, speaker, subject, etc. in a poem look for keywords like: but, however, even though, although, yet, etc
A rhetorical term for the repeated use of conjunctions to link together a succession of words, clauses, or sentences.
A form of verbal compression which consist of the omission of connecting words parentheses (usually conjunctions) between clauses. The most common form is the omission of 'and', leaving only a sequence of phrases linked by commas. EX. "An empty stream, a great silence, an impenetrable forest. The air was thick, warm, heavy, sluggish."
A figure of speech By which the order of terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in second,
Ex."Pleasures a sin and, sometimes sins a pleasure"
The reversal of the normally expected order of words common forms of inversion in English are placing of an adjective after it's noun (the body electric), the placing of the grammatical subject after the verb (said she), and the placing an adverb or adverbial phrase before it's verb (sweetly blew the breeze). Stronger forms of inversion occur when the grammatical object precedes the verb and even the subject
a line or more (usually more) that is repeated at intervals.
Ex."but I, I worked in his factory".
the use of words that seem to imitate the sounds they refer to (buzz, whack, fizz); or any combination of words in which the sound gives the impression of echoing the sense
the repetition of the same sounds-usually initial consonants of words or or stressed syllables-in any sequence of words.
Ex. "landscapes-lover, lord of language"
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds of neighboring words.
Ex. (sweet dreams, hit or miss)
the repetition of identical or similar consonants in neighboring words whose vowel sounds are different
Ex. "coming home, hot foot)
repetition of the exact sound
Ex. "Hot/hot or born/borne"
rhyme with (usually) only the initial sound changed
sometimes called "off rhyme" or "half rhyme". the vowel sound is changed. these can be very near sounds such as leg/lag, but they can also be further away with both initial consonant and vowel changed: swan/stone
At least one of the clearly pronounced (usually stressed) interior syllables rhymes with a clearly pronounced (usually stressed) syllable in the rhyming word: catapult/Pat; Honor/on; concept/September
When two or more words rhyme within the line or one within the line rhymes with the end word of the line
Ex. "And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil
The end word of one
(more than one syllable) rhymes with the end word of one line and the first word of the successive line
The sounds of the first word (not the letters) Are run backwards in second: car/arc; pan/nap; Limb/mill
the rhyme of two words whose end syllables are unstressed (salad/Ballack).
is the rhyme of two words whose end syllable is stressed (complete/feet).
rhyme scheme of two lines in a row