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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Chapter 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (27)
The goal of the Enlightenment thinkers was to use the scientific method to keep society the same.
false- change society or change the world
Montesquieu studied a system of government in which separation of powers caused the parts of the government to control and limit each other.
Deism was a philosophy based on faith and rule of God.
Laissez-faire is an economic doctrine that says the state should control the economy/people.
False- shouldn't control
Rousseau argued that society should be governed by military.
false- general will
Diderot's Encyclopedia was used to
attack religious superstition
According to Rousseau, the general will represents what is best for the
Education spread widely during the enlightenment because
reading material was aimed at the masses
Unlike baroque style, rococo art depicted...
the pursuit of pleasure, happiness, and love.
How did the Enlightenment influence society and culture?
Government, Reason, New way of living
Rich Austrian province invaded by Prussia
Freedom of religion, speech, press, and own property
Strengthened Russia but made life worse for the serfs
Catherine the Great
Tried to improve the life of the serfs in Austria
ruler who tried to apply Enlightenment ideas to the governing of his or her country while maintaining his or her full royal powers
Frederick II of Prussia promoted greater freedom of speech, the press, and religion; however, he did not improve life for
How did the conclusion of the War of Austrian Succession and its Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle set the stage for the Seven Years' War?
Prussia refused to return Silesia to Austria
What was one new alliance that formed as war broke out around the globe?
France allied with Austria, which had previously been its rival.
What finally happened to Silesia as a result of the Seven Years' War?
Prussia permanently kept it
Great Britain passed the Stamp Act to collect _________ from the colonies.
Revenue or Taxes
_____________ was the commander in chief of the Continental Army.
The ___________________ created a weak central government that did not have the power to solve the country's problems.
Articles of Confederation
The U.S. Constitution outlined a federal system with these three branches of government:
Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
Why did France, Spain, and the Dutch Republic support the colonist against the British?
Theses nations wanted revenge against the British for earlier defeats
By approving the Declaration of Independence, an entire people had officially declared their right to
choose their government
The federal system is a form of government in which power is
shared between national and state governments
Why did many European intellectuals admire the American Revolution and its U.S. Constitution and U.S. Bill of Rights?
The colonies' ideas came from the ideas of natural rights proposed during the Enlightenment
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