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Unit 3 - The U.S. Becomes a World Power (Ch. 12 & 14)
Terms in this set (40)
the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations.
a territory that is protected diplomatically or militarily against third parties by a strong state or entity. The local rulers stay but have to accept advice on how to govern.
nations competed with each other politcally, economically, and militarily, and only the strongest would survive
The belief that English speaking nations had superior character, ideas and systems of government and were destined to dominate.
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked Anglo-Saxonism to Christian missionary ideas - convinced Americans to support imperialism and expansion of American power overseas
Matthew C. Perry
Commodore ordered by President Fillmore to take a naval expedition to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty. Japanese realize they can't compete against Western technology/weapons so they sign the treaty.
disliked the influence American settlers had gained in Hawaii - 1893 unsuccessfully attempted to impose a new constitution that would have regained her authority as Hawaiian ruler - planters attempted to overthrow the monarchy - forced to give up her power and set up a provisional gov't
Blaine's idea that the U.S. and Latin America should work together - led to conference where Blain wanted to create a customs union between the 2 countries -
Alfred T Mahan
officer in the U.S. Navy - argued that if U.S. did not build up its navy and acquire bases overseas, it would be shut out of foreign markets by the Europeans - wrote the Influence of Sea Power Upon History - suggested the nation needed a large navy to protect its merchant ships
used a policy known as Dollar Diplomacy to expand American interests into Latin America, not extremely successful as a Progressive President, 27th President of the United States
The art of negotiating with other countries
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
sphere of influence
a foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
Assistant Secretary of Navy, Rough Rider (helped him gain fame after San Juan Hill), instructed Commodore Dewey to attack Philippines
Addition to the Monroe Doctrine asserting America's right to intervene in Latin American affairs
gave the U.S. the exclusive right to build and control any proposed canal through Central America
amendment to the 1902 Cuban Constitution that allowed the US to intervene in Cuba
gave the US direct control over and power to set up a government in Puerto Rico
Foreign Policy idea of Taft to further American interests in Latin America by heavily investing in their economies.
Panama's ambassador to the US while serving as Chief Engineer of the French Canal Company- helped organize revolt against Columbia
the man who worked with Dewey to overthrow Spainsh rule of the Philippines, but who later rebelled against the US during the Philippine insurrection.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who engineered Open Door Policy and Panama Canal
James G. Blaine
served as secretary of state in two administrations and wanted the U.S. to expand influence in Latin America
Teddy Roosevelt's foreign policy to protect American interests
Geographic feature protecting the U.S. mainland from attack in WWI
Allowed US navy to move quickly between Atlantic and Pacific and encouraged trade.
U.S. Entry in WWI (1917)
Renewal of German unrestricted sub-marine warfare and desire to protect "freedom" of the seas
U.S. Foreign Policy stance after WWI establishing the desire for America to avoid further foreign conflict and not to fight unless directly attacked.
Spanish-American War (1898)
The U.S. aids Cuban revolutionaries - acquires Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico and emerges as a new world power.
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI. (Germany: declared guilty for war, made to pay war reparations, and lost a percentage of its land)
Woodrow Wilson's plan to preserve peace after WWI emphasizing self-determination for all people
Tropical disease that plagued laborers during the building of the Panama Canal. The U.S. drained near by swamps and ponds to try to combat the disease.
World War I (Events)
Assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand, WWI begins, Sinking of Lusitania, U.S. Declared war on Germany
John J. Pershing
Leader of American Expeditionary forces in WWI
Message sent to Mexico to enlist their support for Germany should the U.S. declare war
Women & Minorities
Continued U.S. factory production during WWI despite the loss of the military draft.
Henry Cabot Lodge
U.S. Senator who strongly opposed American participation in the League of Nations in favor of Isolationism.
Result of the development of the machine gun and responsible for huge death tolls during WWI. (largely ineffective)
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