Upgrade to remove ads
International Relations Test 1
POLS-2100 Dr. Breezeel
Terms in this set (90)
How did the Athenians react to the Melians' confidence in their allies, the Lacedaemonians?
They claimed that the Lacedaemonians should not be expected to come to their aid
How did the Athenians respond to the suggestion that the Melians be allowed to remain neutral?
The rejected the proposal, claiming that it would be seen as a sign of weakness
In the Melian Dialogue, the representatives of __________ present an argument founded on an idealistic or normative view, claiming they will prevail because they are fighting for a just cause against an enemy who is unjust.
The textbook defines a(n) ___________ as a governed entity with a settled population that occupies a permanent area with recognized borders.
The European Union and NATO are examples of:
Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)
An explanation for the outbreak of World War II that focuses on the personality and characteristics of Adolf Hitler and the decisions that he made best represents the __________ level of analysis.
The concept of ____________ suggests that state borders are becoming less relevant in the modern age, emphasizes the increased importance of international trade, and identifies an increased exchange of ideas across all regions of the world.
An explanation for the outbreak of war that focuses on the internal politics and economics of a country best reflects the ___________ level of analysis
People concerned about the possible extinction of animal species or the potential that the world may run out of oil are focused on the environmental problem of:
The concept of _____________ refers to the ability of a state to exercise independent control over the internal affairs of its territory.
According to Morgenthau, which of the following best reflects an exercise of political power?
A threat to cut off diplomatic relations with a nation that seizes the property of American citizens without compensation
According to Morgenthau, which of the following is the best example of unusable power?
Threat of nuclear force
Hobbes claimed that in the absence of a central authority, the state of nature among men would be a state of:
According to Hobbes, when a group of people form a commonwealth they entrust their collective power in the hands of a _________.
According to Morganthau, if a country threatens to execute the ambassador and other diplomats (which is a violation of international law) from a neighboring country in an effort compel that country to give up territory is employing __________ power.
Which of the following is NOT one of the sources of human conflict identified by Hobbes?
___________ describes a situation in which a state is in a position where its power is vastly superior to that of other states, giving it the ability to impose its will on its neighbors.
Within Realism, anarchy refers to:
the absence of a higher power to regulate the states
When global politics was dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War, the international system was considered to be:
The _________ occurs when a state's attempt to increase its own security causes its neighbors to feel threatened.
What are the primary approaches to understanding actions and events in International Relations discussed in class?
What is a theory?
a well-tested explanation for a broad set of observations
What are the characteristics associated with an effective theory?
it impacts daily life, terrorism, military, gas, and money
What are the different levels of analysis (described as contexts in the textbook) that are used to analyze events in IR?
Normative/Perceptive: emphasis on what should be and what is believed.
Single event/Person: limited approach.
Empirical/Descriptive: Scientific approach, but too broad
Be able to identify examples developed at each level of analysis.
What is the problem of depletion?
threats to forests, sources of fresh water, and many plants and animals (extinction of something)
What is power?
competing nations including factors such as physical, influence, and capability.
What is authority?
Power + Legitimacy
What does the concept of legitimacy refer to?
public willingness to accept authority of its leaders/govt.
What are the primary sources of legitimacy identified in class?
Charisma: personal leadership, idea, appeal
Legal/Procedural: coming to power in the right way. Ex.) being sworn in.
What actors are important to the study of international relations?
Organizational and institutional.
Characters of society as a whole.
What are the defining characteristics of each set of actors?
Preferences and motivations
Be able to identify examples from each group.
How did the state system develop?
How many states are part of the modern international system?
How does the concept of a nation differ from that of the state?
What impact did the Thirty Year's War have on the development of the state?
In the Melian dialogue, which group's behavior is most consistent with realism?
How do the Athenians respond to the Melians arguments about:
The importance of the gods?
The justice of their cause?
They viewed their neutrality to be a sign of weakness. They predicted the Melians "alliances" would not come to their assistance. The argued the gods would not be with them. They said their people were equally as motivated.
What are the primary functions of political systems?
What is the difference between an NGO and IGO?
In an IGO, members are national governments, and in a NGO, anyone can be a member.
Which type is most powerful?
IGOs (intergovernmental organizations) they've got the money and power behind them
Which type is most numerous?
NGOs (nongovernmental organizations)
What is the difference between a universal membership organization and an regional organization?
ROs are basically the same as IGOs and universal membership organizations are similar to NGOs
What does sovereignty mean?
What elements of power would be classified as long term capabilities?
What would be classified as a long term intangible?
What elements of power would be classified as short term capabilities?
What would be classified as a short term intangible?
What are the characteristics of power?
How does Morgenthau define political power?
What four distinctions does Morgenthau make concerning the nature of political power?
What actions would Morgenthau associate with the exercise of political power?
What actions would not be considered an exercise of political power?
According to Morgenthau, what are the two root causes for the depreciation of political power?
What types of power are there?
There is hard and soft power.
What is the difference between hard and soft power?
Hard power is your military and economic ability to influence a state. Soft power includes culture, political values, and foreign policies.
Why is it difficult to project power over large distances?
it's a logistical nightmare. Hurts my head just thinking about it. It requires a large diverse military and resources.
What is the tragedy of the commons?
A situation where a commonly available resource is abused without anybody feeling a responsibility to protect it.
What are the different types of polarity that can exist in the international system?
What is fungibility?
ability to convert one thing into another (i.e. money into weaponry)
What are Great Powers?
The United States, China, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom (NOT CANADA)
Be able to recognize examples of states classified as Great Powers.
Fun Fact: The great powers are the only states in the UN to have veto power.
How did Hobbes describe the state of nature?
solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short
What is a commonwealth?
A self-governing territory associated with another country
What is a Leviathan?
the name of a monstrous sea creature appearing in the Bible; the image constitutes the definitive metaphor for Hobbes's perfect government. Where the sovereign was justified by the consent of the governed.
What are the three causes of conflict identified by Hobbes?
Competition, distrust, and glory.
What is realism?
a view of international politics that stresses its competitive and conflictual side.
What are the core assumptions of realist theory?
1) Anarchy: absence of central authority
2) Self-Interested Behavior: people inherently seek own interest
3) Security as primary objective/issue
4) Irrelevant or Subordinate nature of morality/ethics
5) States as Unitary, Rational Actors
What types of issues do realists classify as high politics?
Matters that are vital to the survival of the state. Ex.) National and International Security
Which are classified as low politics?
Covers all matters that are not absolutely vital to the survival of the state as the economics and the social affairs. The low politics are the domain of the state's welfare.
How do realists typically view human nature?
Humans are selfish and want power
What is the security dilemma?
If the other state is gearing up (increasing military, intelligence, etc..) then you do the same to keep up own State's security
What types of policies are prescribed by realism?
1) Maximize capabilities
2) Seek or Maintain Independence
3) Power Balancing
What is hegemony?
leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others.
What country is most likely to be considered a hegemon in the contemporary international system?
What is balance of power theory?
states may secure their survival by preventing any one state from gaining enough military power to dominate all others.
When does balance of power theory suggest that peace is most likely?
when one state does not have all the power
What is power transition theory?
this theory suggests that the weaker countries are the only ones dissatisfied enough to start war. An even distribution of power would be bad under this theory.
When does power transition theory suggest that peace is most likely?
When there is an imbalance in power.
What are the different conceptions of anarchy that exist in IR?
To what extent can the condition of international system be described as anarchy?
What does a strategy of deterrence seek to accomplish?
to show that the costs outweigh the benefits
What are the keys to effective deterrence?
Capability, Credibility, and Communication
What is the difference between deterrence & compellence?
The difference comes with action. Deterrence is drawing a line in the sand and waiting, hoping no action is taken. Compellence is drawing a line in the sand so that there is dispute and action.
What is containment?
stopping the spread of communism
How did domino theory apply to the international community during the Cold War?
The international community believed that communism would quickly spread. The Vietnam War is a good example of how it was not true.
What is an arms race?
a competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons
What are the primary criticisms of realism?
1) Lack of Precision
2) Inability to Account for Emerging Cooperation
3) Difficulty Addressing Non-State Actors
4) Claim that Realism is Self-Perpetuating
5) Realism Accused of Producing Aggression and Conflict
What is neorealism?
Neorealism, also called structural realism, state that the one single factor that can explain international relations is structure that results from power distribution. States do not seek power for power's sake, but more security within the established structure of international order.
You might also like...
International Relations Exam 1
Chapter 2: Realism
Chapter 2 IR
Chapter 2 IR
Other sets by this creator
International Relations Test 1
BMIS 280 Reading Quiz 12
Chapter 1 Pre-Learning Assessment
Organizational Behavior Final
Other Quizlet sets
Periods of Ballet + etc
Policy Test questions
Avancemos 1 Unidad 4 Lección 1 Set 2
A&P Chapter 23: Vessels and Circulation