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Circulatory System Test 3
Terms in this set (41)
connective tissue that moves materials through the body
2 things blood is composed of
plasma, formed elements, and Erythrocytes
__ percent of plasma is water
Other 10 percent is __, __ __, __, __ __, and __
glucose, amino acids, hormones, dissolved gases, and enzymes.
fluid between cells
3 types of formed elements
platlets, Erythrocytes, leukocytes
clotting, fragments of old blood
white blood cells
Lucocytes are __
6 types of Leukocytes
Neautrophils, lymphocytes, t cells, monocytes, Eosinophils, and basophils
first cells into an inflamed area
Associated with the immune system.
beta cells are produced in __ __
t cells are produced in the __ __
killer cells that attack cancer and virus cells
limit inflammation response to combat swelling
limit imflammation response
red blood cells
Anucleate lack a __
Red blood cells (Erthrocytes) are produced in the __ and __ __ __
spleen and red bone marrow
Red blood cells are __ in shape
Red blood cells get color from iron binding protein called
tubes carrying blood
What kind of tissue are blood vessels lined with?
epithelial tissue(simple squamous)
3 types of blood vessels
arteries, capillaries, veins
carry blood away from the heart.
Smooth muscle layer in artery wall is much thicker or thinner than in the vein.
smallest diameter tubes
What kind of wall do caps have?
thin, one cell thick
Functions of caps
gas exchange between blood and organs, tissues of the body.
Oxygen diffuses __ of vessel, Co2 diffuses __
carry blood towards the heart while everything else away
Veins have lower __
Some veins have valves associated with them that prevent what?
backflow of blood
3 evolutionary advances of the heart
increase in number of chambers, decrease in pseudochambers(not truly part of the heart, chambers outside of heart), increase in size
chambers of fish heart
2 chambers-atrinad ventricle. 2 pseudo chambers-conus arteriosus and sinus venosus
Chambers of amphibian heart
3 chambers-2 atri and 1 ventricle. 2 pseudochambers
Chambers of reptile heart
2 chambers-2 atri and 1 ventri. Some with sinus venosus, none with conus arteriosus. Exception: Crocs have 2 a and 2 v and no pseudos.
chambers of bird and mammal hearts
2 atria, 2 ventricles. No pseudos.
However, both mammals and birds have a remnant of __ __ in a tiny patch of cells in the right __ of the heart called the pacemaker.
Recommended textbook explanations
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Suzanne M. Keller
Anatomy and Physiology
Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology
David N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis
Human Anatomy & Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn
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