1920's Vocabulary and Terms
Terms in this set (41)
the decade of the 1920's which got this nickname because of the times presperity and excitement
A slowdown in a nation's economy
When a wave of strikes also hit the United States in 1919, many Americans feared this was the start of their own Communist Revolution. Describes a period of intense fear of communism (the Reds) and other politically radical ideas
A policy of favoring native-b orn Americans over foreign-born ones, immigrants.
29th president of the US; Republican; "Return to Normalcy" (life as it had been before WWI-peace, isolation); presidency was marred by scandal
Return to Normalcy
Harding`s campaign promise to return to way of life before WWI.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Harding appointed advisers who were very corrupt A.K.A. "The Ohio Gang": especially Attorney General Harry Daugherty accepted bribes and sold favors. A government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921. Revealed in 1924 after Harding's death, Daughtery resigned, one adviser spent a year in prison, and 2 others committed suicide. Considered one of the worst political scandals in US history
1923-1929 became president when Harding died of pneumonia. He was known for practicing a rigid economy in money and words, and acquired the name "Silent Cal" for being so soft-spoken. He was a true republican and industrialist. Believed in the government supporting big business.
Hands off. No government intervention in business.
(1929-1933) 31st President. The New York Stock Market Crashes October 29, 1929 "Black Tuesday", beginning of the Great Depression. The 20th Amendment is passed and added and the 21st Amendment is passed by 1933.
Herbert Hoover's belief that people must be self-reliant and not depend upon the federal government for assistance.
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
worked in a bike shop, became known for motorcycle engine making and riding. interested in flight. in 1906 Alex Baldwin came to him and asked for an engine for his balloon. They were at a fair and curtiss talked to the Wright brothers (future law suit)
In a factory, an arrangement where a product is moved from worker to worker, with each person performing a single task in the making of the product.
18th Ammendment, the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment
Ban on sale, manufacture, and transport of alcoholic beverages. Repealed by 21st amendment
US federal law in 1921 and 1924 that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country.
The idea (stemming from the US sense of "nativism") that the human race could be improved by controlling which people had children and, therefore, contributed to the gene pool. Led to incidents of government enforced birth control: the prevention and sterilization of people determined useless and inferior
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
1920) - women whose radical and immodest dress and actions symbolized the "Roaring Twenties" and growing female and social independence.
Tin Pan Alley
Is the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's.
The Great Migration
1914-1945; mass movement of African Americans from the South to the North; reasons = jobs, prejudice, crop failures; leads to race riots in the North
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
African American leader during the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Post World War 1
Europe was destroyed so the United States emerged as the world's preeminent industrial power.
A policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries, favored by President Harding. Indicative of the Age of Imperialism and Expansionism, and the US after WW1
Scopes Monkey Trial
A court case in 1925 in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools.
A noted defense lawyer for radical and lost causes, was John Scopes's defense attorney in the "monkey trial" in 1924. His defense rested on exposing the childlike faith and naive ignorance of religious fundamentalists like William Jennings Bryan.
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote verse, essays, and 32 books; he helped define the black experience in America for over four decades.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
(1896-1940) American writer famous for his novels and stories, such as The Great Gatsby, capturing the mood of the 1920s. He gave the decade the nickname the "Jazz Age."
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian radicals who became symbols of the Red Scare of the 1920s; arrested (1920), tried and executed (1927) for a robbery/murder, they were believed by many to have been innocent but convicted because of their immigrant status and radical political beliefs. Possible victims of "nativism"
Congress reacted to the anti-foreigner pressure of the post-war period by passing the Emergency Immigration Act (1921) & National Origins Act of (1924). These laws established a quota system that discriminated and reduced the number of Jewish and Catholic "New Immigrants" allowed in the United States. These laws essentially closed the door to immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe.
Emergency Immigration Act
1921, established quota system by which annual immigration from a country could not exceed 3% of the number of persons of that nationality who had been in the US in 1910.
National Origins Act
1924, Act which restricted immigration from any one nation to two percent of the number of people already in the U.S. of that national origin in 1890. Severely restricted immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe, and excluded Asians entirely
(WW) , movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920. Left the Southbecause of greater racial intolerance and more jobs in the industrial cities of the North
1920s new breed of young women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior
A woman who was a leading supporter of women's rights and other idealogical groups, such as the temperance movement. Head of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union which worked to outlaw alcohol and saloons
1927 - first man to fly across the Atlantic Ocean alone - becomes American hero
(1878-1930) From motorcycle company owner to Aviation industry pioneer. Invented ailerons - aid in aircraft steering; and the seaplane (boat that landed on water). Sold the first airplanes in the USA. From single factory to huge industrial enterprise in WWI