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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Civil War study guide
Even though the test is today
Terms in this set (18)
A war between the north and the south over states rights and slavery. The North wanted to stop the spread of slavery, while the South wanted to spread slavery. Occured between 1861-1865
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people.
the right of states to limit the power of the federal government. The South were advocating this in order to increase the spread of slavery
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories. Resulted in Maine becoming a free state since Missouri wanted to become a slave state
Argument between South Carolina and the federal government regarding the role of national government. The main argument was if federal governments would be able to "nullify" the laws given the national government
Compromise of 1850
A set of bills that was made in order to help the stop the divide between the north and the South. Includes California admitted as a free state, the Fugitive Slave Act, Made popular sovereignty in most other states from Mexican- American War. In truth, it only made the divide bigger.
position supported by several prominent Georgia politicians who supported the Compromise of 1850.
Dred Scott Case (1857)
a legal case involving a slave who sued for his freedom, the Supreme Court denied that he had any legal rights at all including the right to be heard in court, denied him his freedom, stated that the federal government could not ban/outlaw slavery in newly admitted states
Lincoln's Election of 1860
Pledged to stop slavery's further expansion. His election drove the Southerners into a deep belief that secession was the only alternative to living under a government they felt did not represent or protect their rights. Main opponent was Stephen Douglas
Debate over secession
Even within the Southern states, there was much debate over whether leaving the Union was constitutional. Ultimately, Georgia voted to secede.
Siege of Ft. Pulaski
A fort in Tybee Island was successfully raided by the Union and the Confederates lost control over it.
•AKA "Anaconda Plan"
•Union blocked all ports/rivers
to try to keep the south from
•it worked: shortages, slowed
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
A 3-minute speech by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Chickamauga (September 18-20, 1863)
Confederate victory; largest battle fought in Georgia; led to the battle of Chattanooga. Was the 2nd most bloodiest war
Atlanta Campaign (1864)
When Sherman and his troops destroyed everything in their path in order to harm its economy
Sherman's March to the Sea (1864)
The Union army's devastating march through Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah, led by General William T. Sherman, intended to demoralize civilians and destroy the resources the Confederate army needed to fight.
infamous Civil War prisoner-of-war camp in Macon County, Georgia. Over 13,000 Union soldiers died in the camp.
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