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185 terms

FINAL VOCAB (2nd Semester) Morgan/Hollarah

STUDY
PLAY
Jihad
holy war
oasis
a spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs
Drip irrigation
the practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground to conserve water to use for crops
desalinization
the removal of salt from ocean water used to make the water drinkable
West Bank
A strip of land on the West side of Jordan for Arab Palestine
Imperialism
expanding a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military influence
export
a product or good sold from one country to another
Palestinians
a displaced group of Arabs who lived or still live in what was formerly Palestine (israel)
silt
loose sedimentary material containing small rock, formed by rivers
Islam
a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammed
Crude Oil
Dark oil consisting of hydrocarbons
theocracy
a system of government in which priests rule in the name of god
Mesopotamia
ancient region in Iraq, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Very fertile soils
Golan Heights
A hilly plateau over looking the Jordan river
Mecca
holiest city of islam for Muslims, located in Saudi Arabia
Import
goods that a country buys from another country
guest workers
a person with temporary permission to work in another country
Sahel
semi-arid region in North Africa below the Sahara Desert.
Stateless Society
a society not governed by a state
Judaism
a monotheistic religion of the Jews that follows the Torah
Refinery
an industrial installation where a substance is refined
stateless nation
a group considered as a nation, entitled to its own state
Gaza Strip
territory along the Mediterranean sea, north east of the Siani Peninsula
Totalitarian Government
a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people's lives
monotheism
worshipping and believing in only one god
Taliban
a repressive islamic militia that took over Afghanistan and set up islamic government
Aswan High Dam
one of the world's largest dams, located on the Nile river
Sahara Desert
Worlds largest Desert located in north africa
Christianity
a monotheistic religion that prays to Jesus Christ
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. agree on the policy and sales of oil
PLO
Palestinian liberation organization. a political movement in an effort to make and independent palestine
strategic commodity
a resource so important that a country will go to war over it
Wadi
Dry river-beds that fill up when it rains
Patriarchy
a form of social government in which a male is the head of the family
Euphrates River
a river in Iraq that joins with the Tigris
Carthage
Ancient city state in Modern Tunis that was founded by the Phoenicians
Berlin Conference
Regulated European colonization and trade in africa
One Commodity Country
A country that exports only one main important export
Zionism
Policy for establishing a homeland for Jews
Kurds
an ethnic-Iranian group in SW Asia
Crusades
a series of military expeditions in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries by Westrn European Christians to reclain control of the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Salt Flat
flat expanse of salt left by the evaporation of a body of salt water
dictatorship
form of government in which the ruler is a dictator
Arabic
Semitic language of the Arabs
Tigris River
A river in Iraq, tributary to the Euphrates river
Epidemic
widespread outbreak of an infectious disease
petroleum
an oily, dark-colored, flammable liquid found in the earth, consisting mainly of a mixture of various hydrocarbons.
subcontinent
landmass like a continent only smaller
alluvial plain
land that is rich farmland, located by running water. made of clay, sand or silt
archipelago
a set of closely grouped islands
atoll
a ringlike coral island surrounded by a lagoon
monsoon
seasonal wind in South Asia
Cyclone
a violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain. also known as a typhoon
Hinduism
the dominant religion in India
Storm Surge
high water level brought on by a hurricane or cyclone in low lying areas
Ganges River
a river in South asia that is an important source of water. flows from a himalayan glacier to the bay of bengal
Estuary
a broadened seaward end of a river where the river meets ocean tides
Mughal Empire
a muslim empire in the 1500's with new customs that often clashed with the Hindu's
nonviolent resistance
a protest movement that doesnt use violence to achieve goals
land reform
more balanced land distribution between farmers
Green Revolution
an agricultural program to help develop higher yielding grain varieties
caste system
aryan system of social classes
Indus Valley Civilization
largest of the worlds first civilizations located in what is today Pakistan
partition
division or separation of territories
Kashmir
region of Northern India and Pakistan that many wars have been fought over
Microcredit
makes small loans available to poor sales men
entrepreneur
a sales person
Ramadan
month long period of fasting in the Islamic religion
constitutional monarchy
Kingdoms in which the rulers powers are limited by a constitution
Sherpa
a person of Nepal who is a mountain guide
Siddhartha Guatama
the founder of Buddhism
Mandala
geometric designs and symbols of meditation
Sinhalese
Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait between India and Sri-Lanka
Tamils
Dravidian Hindu's who arrived in Sri Lanka and lived in the 4th century
sultan
ruler of a muslim country
basic necessities
things you need to survive (shelter, food, etc.)
illiteracy
inability to read or write
summer monsoon
when seasonal winds blow from the indian ocean toward south asia and bring rain
winter monsoon
dry winds that blow across the himalayas
Three Gorges Dam
a dam built in the 20th century on the Chang Jiang to control flooding and generate power
Dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
Mao Zedong
Leader of the communists in China who defeated the nationalists in 1949
Confucianism
movement based on the teachings of confucius. spread education and respecting elders
Taoism
philosophy based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching. based on harmony and nature
Buddhism
religion that originated in India in 500BC. Worship the Buddah
Samurai
professional japanese soldier who protects the rights of landowners and clan chiefs
Shogun
the general of the emperors army. Powers of a military dictator
Tsunami
giant ocean wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption
Ring of Fire
Chain of volcanoes in the pacific rim
UNICEF
united nations childrens fund, an international relief organization for children
Sweat shop
work place where people work in bad conditions for low pay.
Indochina
French colony comprised of Cambodia, Laos and Vietname. Won independence in 1954
Vietnam War
the military conflict as a result of the american involvement in South Vietnam's effort to prevent communist takeover by north vietnam
Boxer Rebellion
an uprising in china in 1900 spurred by angry chinese militants
Great Kanto Earthquake
an earthquake in Japan in 1923 that left tokyo in ruins
Global Economy
merging of regional economies in which nations become dependent on each other for goods and services
Jakota triangle
zone of prosperity in the 1980's and early 1990's in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan
Recession
extended period of decline in the economy
peninsula
a piece of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
Three Kingdoms
The kingdoms formed in Korea
Economic Tiger
a country with rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and agressive exports
Pacific Rim
economic and social region including countries surrounding the pacific
PCB's
industrial compound that accumulates animal tissue and is toxic
Landfill
method of solid waste disposal in which trash is buried in low ground
Spheres of Influence
method of dividing foreign control in China after the country was forced to sign treaties granting european privileges
Mandala
state organized as a ring of power around a central court used instead of borders
Khmer Empire
powerful empire that was in present day cambodia and lasted from the 9th to the 15th century
Micronesia
one of 3 regions in Oceania meaning "tiny island"
Melanesia
Region of Oceania meaning "Black Islands:
ASEAN
association of southeast asian nations. an alliance that promotes economic growth and peace in the region
Polynesia
region in Oceania meaning "many islands"
Subsistence activities
an activity in which a family produces only enough food, clothing etc. that they need
Copra
dried meat of coconuts
Taro
tropical asian plant with broad leaves and a starchy root, used in breads, puddings and poi
Oceania
group of islands in the pacific including melanesia, polynesia, and Micronesia
high islands
pacific islands created by volcanoes
low islands
pacific islands created by coral reefs
Great Barrier Reef
1,250 mile long chain of coral reefs and islands along the Australian coast
Outback
dry unpopulated area of Australia
Penal Colony
place to send prisoners
Aboriginal people
people who migrated to australia from asia at least 40,000 years ago
Maori
first settlers of New Zealand who migrated from polynesia over 1,000 years ago
Treaty of Waitangi
treaty signed by the british and Maori in 1840 giving britain control over New Zealand
Baltic Republics
Region located on the Eastern Baltic Sea: Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia
Berlin Wall
a wall erected by east germany in 1961 to split the capital of berlin
Caucasus
a region that straddles the Caucasus mountains and stretches between the black and caspian seas
Central Asia
region that includes the republics of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Chechnya
one of the republics that remains a part of Russia after the collapse of the soviet union
Chernobyl
a nuclear accident in 1986 that killed a lot of people and cause lasting health problems for the area
Collective Farm
an enormous farm in the soviet union in which large teams of workers ran the farm
Cold War
the conflict between the soviet union and the United States after WW11
Command Economy
a type of economic system in which goods and services are determined by a central government
Continentality
a regions distance from the moderating influence of the sea
Czar
the emperor of Russia prior to the russian revolution
Eurasia
The "single continent" of europe and asia
Great Game
The struggle between Great Britian and Russia to control Central Asia
Market Economy
a type of economic system in which, economic system in which decisions on production and consumption of goods and services are based on voluntary exchange in markets (consumers)
Nagorno-Karabkh
the mountainous area of Azerbaijan
Privatization
selling of government owned companies to private citizens
Red Army
the name of the soviet military
Runoff
rainfall not absorbed by soil. can carry pesticides
Russian Revolution
The revolution that overthrew Russian Czar Nicholas I in 1917. Later established the Bolshevik government under Vladimir Lenin.
Siberia
a vast Asian region of Russia
Silk Road
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
Soviet Union
A Communist nation, consisting of Russia and 14 other states, that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Supra
a russian dinner party
Taiga
nearly continuous belt of evergreen coniferous forests across the northern hemisphere
Transcaucasia
A region consisting of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
Trans- Siberian Railroad
railroad that runs from Moscow to Vladivosto on the East coast and is the longest single rail line in the world
Tundra
a vast treeless plain in the arctic regions between the ice cap and the tree line
Ural Mountains
mountains that separate the european and west siberian plains
Yurt
tent of central asian nomads
Aqueduct
structure that carries water over long distances
anti-semitism
prejudice against Jews
Balkanization
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Bubonic Plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
Chernozem
fertile black soil
city-state
a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
cyanide
an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid
dike
a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water or to keep out the sea
ethnic cleansing
the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
Euro
the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999)
European union
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Ljsselmeer
the current name of the freshwater lake in the Netherlands that was once an arm of the North Sea
Mistral
a strong north wind that blows in France during the winter
nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
North Atlantic Drift
warm ocean current that helps keep Europe's climate mild
Nordic Countries
countries of northern europe, including denmark, finland, iceland, norway, and sweden
Ozone
a form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of two. protects us from dangerous ultraviolet radiation from the sun
parliament
a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
particulates
Small particles of dust released into the atmosphere by many natural processes and human activities
peat
partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water
polder
Land created by the Dutch by draining water from an area.
reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Renaissance
the revival of learning and culture
Seaworks
structures that are used to control the sea's destructive impact on human life
Sirocco
hot desert wind that can blow air and dust from North Africa to western Europe's Mediterranean coast
Smog
air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
Terpen
high earthen platforms used in seaworks
Zuider Zee
a former inlet of the North Sea in the northern coast of the Netherlands
Feudalism
a political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
Satellite Nation
country that is dominated by a more powerful nation
Fjord
long, steep-sided glacial valley now filled by seawater
Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them