APUSH Gilden Age and Progressive Era
Material altered after copied from other QUIZLETS
Terms in this set (44)
1877-1900. A period of economic, industrial and social change characterized by superficiality and political stalemate.
An aim by Protestants and progressives to better the social condition.
This was due to 1)The prevalent polit ideology of the times, 2)party patronage, and 3)popular campaign tactics
He was elected in 1878 by the compromise of 1877, which ended reconstruction.
He served for 200 days before Charles Guiteau assassinated him in 1881. He was succeeded by Chester Arthur.
He passed the Chinese Exclusion Act and the Pendleton Act.
He was the first and only president to serve two non-consecutive terms. He was an honest and Jeffersonian president. He signed the Interstate Commerce Act and the Dawes Act.
He was at the head of the "Billion-Dollar Congress," under which the McKinley Tariff and other important measures were passed.
This law declared that federal jobs are to be given by merit and not by patronage. It was passed under Chester Arthur in 1883.
Billion Dollar Congress
Harrison was at the head of this. Measures passed under it include the McKinley Tariff, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the Sherman silver Purchase Act.
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
This was a law passed by congress in 1890 to increase the amount of silver the government was required to purchase every month
This law created a 48% protective tariff on sugar, crippling Hawaii's economy.
A political party formed in 1892 from agrarian discontent in the South and the West. They pushed for restoration of gov't to the people by: direct popular election of U.S. senators, enacting of state laws by voters, and referendums, ballots and initiatives.
This political ideology was all for: 1)unlimited silver coinage, 2)a graduated income tax, 3)U.S. gov't publicly owning railroads 4)gov't owned and operated telegraphs and phones, 5)loans and federal warehouses for crops, and 6)an 8-hr workday.
Panic of 1893
A 4-yr deoression during Cleveland's first term that was caused by railroads over-extending themselves and the unlimited coinage of silver. Cleveland dealt with it by restoring the gold standard and then doing nothing. This depleted the national gold reserves, led to the Pullman Strike, and to the Wilson-Gorman Tariff of 1894.
Passed in 1894, this created a few modest tariff reductions and 2% income tax on the wealthy. It also strictly restricted U.S. sugar imports.
William Jennings Bryan
Ran in 1896 on the Dem/Populist "fusion ticket." Supported free silver, gave "Cross of Gold" speech, ran across the country. He lost.
Supported a high tariff but was also a "friend of labor." Supported the gold standard and led a "front-porch campaign." Won the election of 1896.
The financial power behind McKinley's nomination and his campaign.
Election of 1896
McKinley defeats Bryan. The main issues were gold v. silver and protective tariffs. Bryan was hurt by a rise in wheat prices and by factory owners telling workers that if Bryan was elected, their factories would shut down. Bryan was also hurt by the "Gold Bug" Democrats, who voted Republican.
Aggressive nationalism which likes colonizing other nations.
Journalism that grossly overexaggerated Spanish atrocities in both Cuba.
An imperialist senator.
The desire to improve life and culture, esp. in the industrial age.
Founded the Hull House.
A political machine in NY.
A political cartoonist who, in 1871, exposed Boss Tweed and caused Tweed's arrest.
Rose from poverty to the top of the T. Hall machine and was very popular with constituents.
Robert Las Follete
A prominent Republican progressive who brought about huge reforms in Wisconsin.
Making money from inside info on public improvement.
In almost every city, everything prosperous was linked to the machine. after the fall of the polit machine, Progressives came in and instated the city manager system.
Writers/journalists who exposed corruption in politics and scandalous working conditions.
Muckraker and one of the first photojournalitsts. Wrote HOW THE OTHER HALF LIVES, about tenement life.
A muckraker. Wrote TWEED DAYS IN ST. LOUIS and THE SHAME OF THE CITIES.
A muckraker. Wrote THE HISTORY OF THE STANDARD OIL COMPANY.
Wrote THE JUNGLE, about the meatpacking industry.
A philosopher who criticized America's formal and rigid education system. Wrote books such as THE SCHOOL AND SOCIETY and DEMOCRACY AND EDUCATION.
Muller v. Oregon
1908. A Supreme Court Case which upheld an OR law limiting women's max work hours. Important because the court DIDN'T overturn a law that helped social conditions.
An English pseudoscientist who founded eugenics, which stated that society should be bred from the best of the stock, and that the wrost of stock should be severely limited.
Led by W.E.B. Du Bois and W.M. Trotter. Protested legal segregeation, exclusion of blacks from unions, etc. on black rights
This law established the ICC.
An essayist and founder of the modern environmentalist movement. Led the preserveationists.
Election of 1912
In this election, Wilson crushed, due to the Republican split and the deviation of votes to the Socialists.
Allowed a federal income tax.