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Mental Health - Chapter 7
Terms in this set (110)
the process of forming impressions of others
In forming impressions of others, people rely on five key sources of information
2. Verbal Behavior
4. Nonverbal messages
5. Situational cues
In the realm of perception...
bad impressions tend to be stronger than good ones
those that are made quickly and based on only a few bits of information and preconceived notions
what might not always be particularly accurate?
Snap judgements are "shortcuts" that rely on...
automatic processing, and are used when we are not motivated to form an accurate impression of another person
When selecting friend or mate...
it's more important to make accurate judgments
In forming impressions of those who affect their welfare and happiness, people make...
Information about systematic judgements
- More controlled processing involved
- This is taking time to observe the person in a variety of situations and to compare that person's behavior with that of others in similar situations
- They may not always be particularly accurate
inferences that people draw about the causes of their own behavior, others' behavior, and events
Attributions have three key dimensions:
internal vs. external, stable vs. unstable, and controllable vs. uncontrollable
When people attribute the cause of someone's behavior to person's dispositions, traits, abilities, or feelings
When people attribute the cause of a person's behavior to situational demands or environmental constraints
We are most likely to make attributions about others' behavior when:
- Others behave in unexpected or negative ways
- When events are personally relevant
- When we are suspicious about others' motives
Forming impressions of others: perceiver expectations
- How we expect others to behave can influence our actual perceptions of them
- Two principles governing perceiver expectations: confirmation bias and self-fulfilling prophecy
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
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