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Terms in this set (10)
Name 3 themes of W.E.B. Du Bois's essay on Booker T. Washington?
Booker T. Washington's strategy for black advancement concedes too much to the forces of Jim Crow; African Americans must resist any form of social or political degradation as a people; and Southern blacks can never attain material progress without full political rights.
*T/F: Turn-of-the-century Jim Crow laws were enacted in clear defiance of Supreme Court decisions.
T/F: As African Americans were systematically relegated to a second-class status, racial violence against them actually declined.
What were 3 factors behind the spread of Jim Crow laws in the South?
Growing tolerance, and even encouragement, by the federal government for white supremacy; the spread of white supremacist theories across the country during the late 19th and early 20th centuries; and a widespread notion that a system of segregation would help diminish racial tensions within the region.
T/F: Ironically, the more extensive Jim Crow barriers became, the more openings blacks found for occupational advancement.
Name 3 developments in the racial order of the South during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The passage of legislation designed to bar African Americans from voting; the imposition of legal segregation between blacks and whites in many areas of public life; and a rising tide of organizing violence against African Americans.
What were 3 themes of Senator Ben Tillman's 1900 statement?
White violence against African Americans has been spurred by the black insistence on political rights; the lynching of African American men is justified, as a way to keep them from assaulting white women; and African Americans should never be allowed to vote.
T/F: By the second decade of the 20th century, the number of southern blacks able to vote had been reduced to a small fraction of what it had been two decades earlier.
T/F: In its 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, the Supreme Court argued that legal segregation between the races was constitutional, so long as it did not inherently promote inequality.
*Identify 3 themes of Booker T. Washington's 1895 address?
Southern blacks should not look to the North for their salvation, their best friends are southern whites; Southern blacks must start at the bottom of southern society and work their way up; and Southern blacks don't seek social intermingling with whites, they simply want to share in contributing to the region's progress.
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