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perio 2 e1 ch 18 book reading
Terms in this set (36)
t/f accumulation of microbial biofilm results in inflammatory process and does not resolve until the removal of biofilm
____remains the primary etiologic factor that causes gingivitis
sudden onset and have a short duration -can be painful
develops slowly and has a long duration-usually painless - most often encountered
t/f chronic gingivitis is a fluctuating disease in which inflammation persists or resolves and normal areas become inflammed
t/f recurrent gingivitis reappears after having been eliminated by treatment or after disappearing spontaneously
type of gingivitis that is confined to the gingiva of a single tooth or a group of teeth
type of gingivitis that involves the entire mouth
gingivitis that involves the gingival margin and can inc. a portion of the contiguous attached gingiva
gingivitis that involves the interdental papillae and often extends into the adj. portion of the ging. margin
t/f papillae are involved more freq. than the gingival margin
gingivitis that affects the gingival margin attached ging and the interdental papillae
gingivitis confined to one or more areas of the marginal ging.
gingivitis extends from the margin to the mucobuccal fold in a limited area
ging. confined to one or more interdental spaces in a limited area
involves gingival margins in relation to all teeth
generalized marg. ging
entire gingiva - alveolar mucosa and attached ging. -systemic conditions can be involved
generalized diffuse gingivitis
what are the two earliest signs of ging. inflam. that precede established ging?
inc. GCF and BOP
t/f BOP appears earlier than a change in color or other visual signs of inflammation
t/f Although gingival BOP may not be a good diagnostic indicator of clinical attachment loss, its absence is an excellent negative predictor of future attachment loss.
t/f Persistent gingivitis can be considered a risk factor for periodontal attachment loss that may lead to tooth loss
t/f there is increase in gingival BOP in patients who quit smoking
t/f Orthodontic treatment and fixed retainers are associated with increased plaque retention and increased BOP
the most common cause of abnormal gingival BOP is ?
what are two histopathologic alt. that result in abnormal gingival bleeding?
dilation of capillaries and thinning or ulceration of the sulcular epithelium
t/f sites that BOP have a greater area of inflamed epithelium tissue than sites that do not bleed
what are responsible for connective tissue breakdown?
t/f antiplatelet medications (asprin) or anticoagulants (warfarin) increase BOP
t/f women taking oral contraceptives are more prone to gingivitis and therefore to gingival bleeding
t/f In cases of moderate or advanced periodontitis, BOP is considered a sign of active tissue destruction
Color changes in acute gingival inflammation differ in both nature and distribution from those in patients with chronic gingivitis.
With acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, the involvement is ?; with herpetic gingivostomatitis, it is ?; and with acute reactions to chemical irritation, it is ? or diffuse.
where is gingivitis found in pts who are mouth breathers?
maxillary buccal area (red shiny and edematous)
t/f Gingival pigmentation is not a result of systemic toxicity. It occurs only in areas of inflammation in which the increased permeability of irritated blood vessels permits the seepage of metal into the surrounding tissue.
caused by adrenal dysfunction, and it produces isolated patches of discoloration that vary from bluish black to brown
narrow, triangular-shaped gingival recession
rolled, thickened band of gingiva
Blood supply to the gingiva in the mandibular anterior buccal sites includes which of the following?
Vessels from periodontal ligament
Blood supply from the alveolar process
All of the above
all of the above
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