chapter 2 role and development theories

This person's philosophy includes the four metaparadigm concepts of nursing, but the main focus is primarily on the patient and environment; centered on 13 cannons
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According to this person, the role of a nurse involves the patient to perform activities that contribute to health, recovery, or a peaceful death, which the patient would perform without assistance if he or she possessed "the necessary strength, will, or knowledge" and to do so in a way that helps gain independence rather than remain dependent on the nurse.
This persons theory asserts that human being are dynamic energy field that are integrated with environmental energy fields so that the person and his or her environment for a single unit; identified principles of homeodynamics, used slinky and kaleidoscope to illustrate her theory; her model is an abstract system of ideas but it applicavle to practice, with nursing care focused on patttern appraisal and patternign activities
This persons describes her theory as a general theory that is made up of three related theories, the Theory of Self-care, the theory of self-care deficit, and the theory of nursing systemsDorothea Orems self-care deficit theory of nursingdescribes why and how people care for themselves and suggests that nursing is required in case of inability to perform self-care as a result of limitations; includes the concepts of self-care agency, therapeutic self-care demand, and basic conditioning factorstheory of self-carefound is all human beings and are associated with life processes, included sufficient intake of air, water, food, ectUniversal self-care requisitesrelated to different stages in the human liffe cycle and might include such events as attending college, marriage, and retirementdevelopmental self-care requisitesrelated to deviations in structure of function of human beinghealth deviation self-care requisitesthis theory explains that maturing or mature adults deliberately learn and perform actions to direct their survival, quality of life, and well-being (Orems)the theory of self-care deficitdescribes and explains relationships that must exist and be maintained for the product (nursing) to occur, three systems can be used to meet the self-requisites of the patien: wholly compensatory system, the partially compensatory system, and the supportive-educative systemtheory of nursing systemsmost commonly used in practiveorems theorythis model presents the person as an adaptive system in constant interaction with the internal and external enviorments; main task of human system is to maintain integrity in the face of environmental stimulicallista roy's adaptation modelthis model is a wellness model based on general systemes theory in which the client system is exposed to stressors from within and withou the system.; focus is on the client system in relationship to stressor.betty neumans systems modelthis person theory can be implemented in practice using the nursing process where assessment focuses on the perceptions of the nurse and client, communication of the nurse and client, and interaction of the nurse and client; planning goals and how to attain foalsKings theorythis persons model for nursing present the client as a living open system that is a collection of behavioral sub systems that interrelate to form a behavioral system; based on seven behavioral subsystems as well as the enviormental factors that affect the behavioral subsytemsjohnson's behavioral system modelthis theory consists of three major themes : meanign, rhythmicity and transcendencerosmarie parses humanbecoming theorythis theory focus on "compatitive cultural care (caring) values, beliefs, and practices" for either individuals or groups of people with similar or different cultures; desvribed concepts of nursing in a manner that causes the nurse to specifically consider culture in the delviery of competenet nursing caremadeleine leiningers cultural diversity and universality theoryin this persons theory, she adresses all of nursing;s metaparadigm concepts, but she is primarily concerned with one aspect of nursing : how persons relate to one another, the nurse patient relationship is the center of nursingHildegard Peplau's theory of interpersonal relationsthis theory has three major categories 1) the individual characteristics and experiences 2) behavior-specific cognitions and affect, adn 3) behavioral outcomeNola Penders health promotion modelthis theory focuses of transitions, transitions are a central concept of interest to nursing; nurses interact with individuals experiencing transistions if those transistions relate to health, well-being or self-care ability, they also interact with indidvuals within enviroements that support or hamper persona, communical, familial, or population transistionsafaf ibrahim melesis transistions theorythis theory offers an explanation of what it means to practive nursing in a caring manner, has 5 concepts: maintaining belief, knowing, being with, doing for, and enablingswansons theory of caringthis theory describes comfort as the immediate experience of being strengthened by having needs for relief, ease, and transcendence adressed in four contexts- physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and enviormental; it is uch more than simply the absence of pain or other physcial discomfort,katherine kolcabas theory of comfortthree major concepts to this theory: self-transcendence, well-being and vulneranilityPamela Reed's self-transcendence theorythe purpose of this theory is to "describe and explain uncertainty as a basis for practice and research"merle mishels uncertainty in illness theorytwo major concepts are included in this theory :postpartum modd disorders and loss of controlBeck's postpartum depression theorythis model is a conceptual framework for designation of practice competencies to care for critically ill patients with a goal of optimizing outcomes for patients and families; three levels of outsome : outcomes derived from the patient, outcomes derived from the nurse, and outcomes derived from the healthcare systemthe american association of critial care nurses synergy model for patient carethis system is founded on the premise that the world is composed of systems that are interconnected and influence by one another; energy is needed to maintain an organizational state and that sysfunction in one system has an effect on other systemsgeneral system theorythis theory explains human behaviors in terms of dynamic reciprocal interactions among cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influencessocial cognitive theorydefined stress as the nonspecific response of the body to any demand for changeselye