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cell wall

A rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms

cell membrane

The outside boundary of a cell that controls which substances can enter or leave a cell


The cell's control center, it directs all cell activities

nuclear membrane

It covers, protects and filters the nucleus


A material in cells that contains DNA and carries genetic information


A small object within the nucleus that helps to make ribosomes


The bulk of the cell that contains all the organelles


The tiny parts within a cell that carry out specific functions within the cell


They produce most of the energy cell needs to carry out its function

endoplasmic reticulum

They carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another


Tiny grainlike structures used to make proteins

golgi bodies

They receive proteins and other newlly formed materials from the ER, package them, and distribute them to other parts of the cell


They store food, water, and waste materials in cells


They contain chemicals that break down large food particles and old cell parts


They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell

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