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35 terms

Vocab & People

Theology Semester 2 Final
STUDY
PLAY
900 BCE
Israel split into two kingdoms because the North was tired of the oppressive kings
Northern Kingdom
Israel
Capitol: Samaria
Captured: Assyrians in 721 BC
Southern Kingdom
Judah
Capitol: Jerusalem
Captured: Babylonians in 586 BC
Exile
Period of time when the Jews were forced to live in captivity.
-They lost the Promised Land & the temple.
-Made them stronger in their faith, because it became internal. "The covenant will be written on your hearts"
-Wrote a lot of the Bible during this time,reflecting on what they had done wrong to get them where they were.
First Creation Story
-Going through the 7 days of creation
-Reminded the Israelites that God is good, and so are all his creations. God is in control of everything.
Second Creation Story
-Adam & Eve, the Betrayal with the snake
-Described how sin, suffering, and death entered the world
-God intended for man and women to be happy forever. But they wanted to be equal to God.
Why were both creation stories included in the Bible?
They both provide different religious truth
Position of the Catholic Church regarding the creation stories in Genesis and the Theory of Evolution
The Bible's stories are not meant to be scientifically true. There is no contradiction between the two beliefs.
Purpose of the Wisdom Writings
to seek the ways of God
Three Books in Wisdom Literature
Job
Proverbs
Wisdom
Book of Job
Address the Problem of Evil (why the good suffer)
-States that we will never understand why the good suffer
Psalms
Songs of the Heart because they express deep emotion in our hearts
Types:
-Thanksgiving
-Praise
-Lament
At the end of the OT...
The chosen people are waiting for the Messiah. They thought he would a King, but Christians believe that Jesus is the fulfillment of that promise from God, and that he has fulfilled the Old Covenant and establishes a New Covenant b/w God and his people, the Church.
Salvation History
The story of God's actions and the people's responses over many centuries
Torah
The Law
Pentateuch
First 5 books of the OT
Passover
Angel of death (Plague) - meal to remember the event
Covenant
Sacred promise usually between God and his people
Exodus
'going out' -Story of Israelites being freed from slavery in Egypt
Judge
Military leader
Prophet
Someone who speaks for God
Exile
(600 BC) -Time when the Israelites were taken captive by the Babylonians & forced to move from the Promised Land
Diaspora
Greek word for Dispersion. Means spreading out or scattering.
Joshua
Exodus Character
-Moses' successor
-Led Israelites into the Promised Land
Rebekah
Matriarch
-Married to Isaac
-Jacob & Esau's mom
-Helped Jacob trick Isaac into giving him the birthright
Isaac
Patriarch
-Married Rebekuh
-Son of Abraham and Sarah
-Sons were Jacob and Esau
-Jacob and Rebekuh tricked him into giving the birthright to Jacob instead of Esau
Sarah
Matriarch
-Abraham's wife
-Gave birth to Isaac, when she was old and barren
-Laughed when she was told she was going to have a son, Isaac means "to laugh"
Nathan
Prophet
-To David, helped him realize his sins
Moses
Exodus Character
-Mosaic Covenant
-Led Israelites to the Promised Land (from Egypt), did not enter though
-Ten Commandments
Samuel
Prophet & Judge
-Last Judge, First Prophet
-Anointer of the Kings
-Thought having a King was a bad idea
Samson
Judge
Sin) unfaithful in God's eyes
Disaster) Philistine's take over
Deliverance) Knocked down the building, killing himself and the Philistines
-Couldn't control his strength and power (His long hair)
Abraham
Patriarch
-Father of a great nation
-FIRST patriarch
-Married to Sarah. Strangers told him she will have a son.
-Old & Wise
-Sons are Isaac (with Sarah) & Ishmael (with Hagar) who is the father of the Arab people
Deborah
Judge
Sin) Did evil in the eyes of God
Disaster) Canaanite King
Deliverance) Jael kills her in the head when staying overnight with her?
Joseph
Patriarch
-Jacob's favorite son
-Oldest son of Rachel
-Brothers sold him as a slave to Egypt
-Became the Pharaoh's right hand man
-Predicted the famine
-Moved family to Egypt
-Dream interpreter
Jacob
Patriarch
-Stole Esau's birthright with Rebekah
-Wrestled with a stranger on the way back to Canaan (then got a new name)
-Married to Rachel & Leah (sisters, loved Rachel more)
-Son of Isaac & Rebekah