What were the motivating forces for exploration?
1. Economics 2. Religion 3. Competition for empire and belief in their superior culture
What were the economic motivations for explorers?
gold, natural resources, and trade
What were the religious motivations for explorers?
To spread Christianity.
What were obstacles to exploration?
1. Poor maps and navigational tools, 2. Disease and starvation, 3. Fear of the unknown, 4. Lack of adequate supplies
What were accomplishments of exploration?
1. Exchange of goods and ideas, 2. Improved navigational tools and ships, 3. Claimed new territories
Who explored for Spain?
Where did Spain explore?
Coronado explored the southwest United States for Spain.
Who explored for France?
Samuel de Champlain
What settlement did Champlain start?
Samuel de Champlain started Quebec for France.
Who claimed the Mississippi River Valley for France?
Robert La Salle
Who was the first English explorer to explore North America?
John Cabot explored eastern Canada for England.
Where did the Portuguese explore?
The Portuguese explored along West Africa while looking for a sea route to the Indies.
How did the Spanish explorers treat the Native Americans?
The Spanish explorers conquered and enslaved the Native Americans. They also brought them Christianity and new diseases.
What interaction did the French have with the Native Americans?
The French spread Christianity and established trading posts.
What interaction did the English have with the Native Americans?
The English established settlements, claimed ownership of land, traded, and learned farming techniques from the Native Americans.
What were areas of cooperation with the Native (First) Americans?
1. Technology (transportation of weapons and farm tools), 2. Trade 3. Crops
What were areas of conflict with the First Americans?
1. Land 2. Competition for trade 3. Differences in cultures 4. Disease 5. Language differences