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Psychology Chapter 1
Terms in this set (36)
Penny is a recovering drug addict. Her treatment program emphasizes the influence of her environment—"people, places, and things"—on her use of her drug of choice. Her program reflects the _____ perspective in psychology.
For her final project in graduate school, called her doctoral dissertation, Chondra monitored the participants of a mindfulness meditation program at a local grade school. Her work focused on which goal of psychology?
Ohana is asked to engage in effortul reflection of her sensations, thoughts, and feelings in response to a stimulus. This procedure is known as:
Tamara was interested in studying people's attitudes toward immigration reform, so she surveyed a sample of friends from her college in Chicago. In her study, Tamara found that 63% of her friends favored immigration reform. She concluded that "The majority of people in the US are in favor of immigration reform." Which statement expresses the problem with Tamara's conclusion?
Her sample is not representative of the U.S population.
By giving equal attention to two viewpoints on an issue the media promote the misconception that people are split 50-50 on that issue. This is called:
An example of using the survey method to conduct scientific research would be:
Asking a group of students about the sexual attitudes and behaviors.
Psychology's goal of explanation includes ___ behavior.
noticing patterns in
The saying "mind over matter" reflects a philosophical view that the mind and body are separate. This view is called ___, which is associated with ___.
A recent survey by Common Sense Media found that although parents spend an average of more than nine hours in front of screens during the day, they also felt that:
they were good role models for their children for how to use digital technology.
Personality can differ over time and across different people. In this regard, personality is a(n):
An identified group a researcher is interested in studying is called the:
The correlation coefficient ranges from ___ to ___.
Finches that have big beaks can crack open a greater variety of seeds and thus are more likely to survive when food is scarce than small- beaked finches. This is an example of:
In focusing on their almost identical DNA as the explanation for many of Sam and Anais similarities, Dr. Segal is using ___ perspective
What is the correct sequence of the first three steps of the scientific method, in order?
Develop question > develop hypothesis > design study
characteristics of the environment or the participants that might interfere with an experiment's outcome are called:
Example statement that indicates a negative correlation
The more money people make, the less stressed they tend to be.
___ psychology is a relatively new approach that counters the field's more traditional focus on abnormality and maladaptive behavior.
Research with the goal of changing behaviors or outcomes is called ___ research.
___ involves weighing various pieces of evidence, synthesizing them, and determining how each contributes to the bigger picture.
At the heart of the humanistic perspective is the:
inclination for people to grow and change for the better
At a police checkpoint for drunk drivers, some cars are stopped at random; many others are not stopped. The cars that are stopped may be considered a _____ of all the cars that pass by the checkpoint.
Correlational research can be an important tool for researchers who want to test:
real-world variables that cannot ethically be manipulated.
Dr. Segal's work with Sam and Anaïs, and other identical twins separated at birth, could potentially help her untangle the roles of nature and nurture in a variety of areas including intelligence and psychological disorders. This part of Dr. Segal's research serves the goal of:
One advantage of the experimental method over the correlational method is that the experiment ___, but the correlational study does not.
determines cause and effect
Dr. Ingram deliberately varied the sequence of items on a list and later measured participants' ability to recall the items. Dr. Ingram conducted a(n) _____ study.
A 2017 research study found a correlation between screen time and problems with speech in infants and toddlers. The correct conclusion from this study would be:
screen time use is related to problems with speech.
Dr. Franklin is studying the association between the experience of discrimination and self-esteem among children and adolescents. Her research reflects the pioneering work of _____, one of psychology's "founding mothers."
Mamie Phipps Clark
A lawyer is arguing that the sample of drivers stopped at a roadside checkpoint by police officers is _____, because the characteristics of the sample are different from those of the population it is intended to reflect.
Raphael conducted an experiment in which participants texted on their cell phones while driving a car through an obstacle course, or participants did not text while driving through the course. Raphael concluded from the results of the study that texting had a negative effect on participants' driving. Michael pointed out that participants' levels of driving experience could have interfered with the results, making driving experience a(n) _____ variable.
Dr. Lee, a clinical psychologist, conducted a detailed examination of a patient with dissociative identity disorder. He gathered a lot of information about his patient from a variety of sources, and immersed himself into the life of his patient. Dr. Lee conducted:
a case study.
The differences between the identical twins separated at birth, Sam and Anaïs, may be partly due to the fact that Sam was raised in the United States and Anaïs was raised in France. This idea would be consistent with the _____ perspective.
Kiesha indicates that she will measure happiness as the number of times an individual smiles per hour. She has provided a(n):
In many Asian markets, such as those in Vietnam, customers are expected to bargain with the seller, which affects their shopping behavior in a way that is very different from the shopping behavior of customers in the United States. This exemplifies the importance of considering _____ when trying to understand human behavior.
social interactions and culture
Which factor is a component of informed consent?
a statement of the potential risks of participating in the study
While Plato believed that truth and knowledge are due to _____, Aristotle believed that truth and knowledge are acquired through _____.
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