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History Ch 20 study guide
Terms in this set (44)
Law passed by Parliament in 1765 that imposed a tax, in the form of a stamp, on special documents for American colonists.
Treaty of Paris (1783)
treaty that ended the American revolutionary war
first Prime Minister of Great Britain
Sir Francis Drake
first English sea captain to sail around the globe
his voyages to North America in the late 1400's gave England claims to land in the New World
first permanent English settlement in North America
the English initially explored North America to find this waterway to Asia
British East India Company
the trading company that set up trading posts at Bombay, Calcutta, & Madras
Due to trade restrictions in the 1600's, this practice become common in the colonies & was difficult for the British to regulate
a group of sea captains that engineering raids on Spanish ships & stole money & supplies from the Spanish government
the Glorious Revolution
the event where Parliament declared William & Mary joint rulers of England after the former king was peacefully ousted
in 1707, England & Scotland merged into one kingdom known as
in 1660, Parliament invited this king to return to England from Exile & re-establish the monarchy
the first King of England that was originally from Germany & did not speak English when he took throne
English Parliament elected in 1640 that convened on and off for 20 years.
religious group gained several seats & influence in Parliament during the reign of Charles I
Title given to Cromwell when he took control of England in 1653
was an English Philosopher who wrote the book Leviathan & advocated for a monarchy style government
Act of Settlement
in 1701, Parliament passed this act to keep Catholics from inheriting the throne
French writer who wrote clever satires about the French Monarchy, the nobility & religious controls of the church
limited constitutional monarchy
Govt. in which the monarchy remains head of state, but the king/queen is required to consult Parliament, royal powers were limited
heads of Govt. departments who advise the King of England
British closed the Boston Harbor after the Boston Tea Party, unfair acts on American Colonists
German mercenaries serving in the British forces during the American Revolution,
hired by George 3
Habeas Corpus Act
protected those arrested against unfair arrest & imprisonment
During Elizabeth I's reign English captains that plundered ships from Spain... led to naval war w/Spain
reference book describing the ideas of the enlightenment
English Bill of Rights
guaranteed free speech,gave parliament power to choose each ruler, ensured protections for citizens.(it was read to William & Mary before they took the throne.)
Age of Enlightenment
a cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in the late 17th century western Europe emphasizing reason & individualism rather than tradition (science & reason explain human nature)
published The Social Contract in 1762. "people are naturally good but become corrupt"
early spokesperson for women's rights in England
The Spirit of Laws
concluded Great Britain had best govt.
liked their 'checks' on govt. with 3 branches
New Model Army
Cromwell's powerful army that defeated King Charles in the English Civil War.
American colonists who favored independence from England, independence ideals
Navigation Act of 1651
Law that required imported goods to be carried in English ships or ships of the country making the goods.
Parliament supporters, Puritans, Non-Anglican Protestants, For Cromwell's army
12/13 colonies met in 1774 in Philly. "WE WANT FULL RIGHTS OF BRITISH"
Why Continental Congress met
Treaty of Paris (1763)
gave England all land east of Miss. River & from Gulf of Mexico to Arctic
>wars defending colonies brought huge debt for England & they expected colonists to pay for it
>new policies were seen as restraints
reasons for American Revolution
>good tax system & funded gov/army well
>enemies were never well organized
>army was disciplined & strong
Reasons Cromwell was never overthrown by English
>Right to own property
>right to live
3 fundamental rights that Locke believed all people had access to:
(King Could Not)
>tax people w/o Parliaments consent
>No unfair imprisonment
>can't declare martial law in a time of peace
>soldiers can't board in private homes during time of peace
4 liberties stated in the Petition of rights
>power to the people
>3 branches of gov (Parliament, Cabinet & Prime minister)
>Clergy, Nobility & Monarchy would be corrupt
how John Locke's ideas influenced the writers of the Dec. of Ind.
>limited constitutional monarchy, king queen have to consult Parliament
>5 documents make up Constitution (English Bill of Rights, Act of Settlement, Habeas Corpus, Magna Carta, Petition of Rights)
Great Britain's gov.
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