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VA/US History Mid-Year Review- PEOPLE
Review flashcards of key people and groups you've learned about from Units 1-6.
Terms in this set (45)
Enlightenment philosopher whose ideas of natural rights, social contract & limited government strongly influenced the American belief in independence.
Thomas Jefferson- American Revolution
Author of the Declaration of Independence
English immigrant whose pamphlet, Common Sense, challenged the rule of the American colonies by the King of England.
American Patriot from Virginia known for the words "Give me liberty or give me death!"
American diplomat who negotiated the Treaty of Alliance with France
George Washington- American Revolution
Commander of the Continental Army- known for his strong leadership and his discernment to avoid any situation that threatened the destruction of his army.
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution- Jefferson wrote many grievances (complaints) against him in the Declaration of Independence
Virginian Founding Father- Father of the Constitution and author of the Bill of Rights
A Virginian who authored the "Virginian Declaration of Rights"- stated that governments should not violate the peoples's natural rights.
George Washington- The Constitutional Convention
President of the Constitutional Convention- lent his enormous prestige to the proceedings but rarely participated in the debates
Thomas Jefferson - Bill of Rights Inspiration
Virginian who authored the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom- outlawed the established church- practice of government favoring one church
Leader of the Federalists party; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank.
Thomas Jefferson- First Political Parties
Leader of the Democratic-Republicans; First Secretary of State. Advocated strong US ties with France
American politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
Native American woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the lewis and clark expedition
The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans (1815). As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers.
Nat Turner and Gabriel Prosser
Led separate slave revolts in VA which led to harsh fugitive slave laws.
William Lloyd Garrison
White male abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879) called, The Liberator- stated that slavery violated Christianity.
Former slave who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
Founded the National Women's suffrage association.
James K. Polk
"Manifest Destiny" president who wanted strongly wanted to acquire Oregon territory from Britain and the Mexican Cession from Mexico
Harriet Beecher Stowe
White female abolitionist who wrote the novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin- inspired support for the abolitionist movement
16th President of the United States; preserved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
William T. Sherman
Union general whose march to sea caused destruction to the south
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general who won victories over the South when other commanders had failed; eventually becomes commander of all union forces; Lee will surrender to him at Appomattox courthouse
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general of the Army of Northern VA; opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force; surrendered to Grant at Appomattox courthouse
Escaped slave and great black abolitionist; eloquent speaker; encouraged Lincoln to recruit blacks to fight in the Union army
Inventor of the cotton gin- led to the spread of slavery-based "cotton kingdom" in the Deep South
President of the Confederate States of America; was previously a US Senator for the state of Mississippi
Lincoln's successor as president; believed in pardoning the Confederate south; The first U.S. president to be impeached (but not removed from office)
Invented the light bulb
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented the telephone
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production with his assembly line system.
First to achieve a sustained, controlled flight in a powered airplane
Captain of Industry- Built a steel mill empire; US STEEL
Captain of Industry known for finance/banking
John D. Rockefeller
Captain of Industry- Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
a "captain of industry" who got rich by investing in railroads
Ida B. Wells
African-American female journalist who led the fight against lynching- pushed for the federal government to take action
African American Activist who opposed Booker T. Washington. Wanted social and political integration as well as higher education. Co-gounded NAACP.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who believed the way to equality was through vocational education and economic success. Accepted social separation/segregation
Terence Powderly, Samuel Gompers & Eugene V. Debs
Leaders of Labor Unions- Knights of Labor, American Federal of Labor & American Railway Union
Ida Tarbell, Lincoln Steffens & Upton Sinclair
Muckrakers known for exposing abuses in politics, economics and society; wrote investigative literature such as The History of Standard Oil, The Shame of Cities, & the Jungle
Slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state- lost his case and all slaves declared as "property"
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
New Testament Test 1
Blanke- oder kalte Waffen (Heintges-Fragenkatalog)