Chapter 12: The Americas: Pre-Columbian Epires to Colonies
Terms in this set (18)
Civilizations that existed in the Americas before the arrival of the explorer Columbus in 1492.
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
A Native American people who built a notable civilization in western South America in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The center of their empire was in present-day Peru. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the empire.
A Mesoamerican civilization of Mexico who created a strong empire that flourished between the 14th and 15th century. The arrival of Hernando Cortez and the Spanish Conquistadores ended their empire.
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
1492 - discovered America. Sailed under the Spanish flag and claimed multiple major islands in the Caribbean for Spain. Trying to find Asia he found America, and he was looking for silk and spices.
An exchange of goods, ideas and skills from the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) to the New World (North and South America) and vice versa.
Vasco de Gama
A Portuguese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
(Portuguese explorer) First to go around the world (didn't actually go around, died in Philippines but his expedition made it around) (South American strait named after)
a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
An Aztec emperor of the sixteenth century. HE was overthrown by the Spanish conquistadors under Hernando Cortes.
A Spanish conquistador who went to the Incas and took emporer prisoner and then killed him and took over the Inca empire
It gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. In exchange, these settlers were supposed to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity
Areas in the North America under French colonial rule
A colony founded by the Dutch in the New World. It became New York.
Atlantic Slave Trade
(16th-19th centuries) Captured Africans were transported across the Atlantic under horrific conditions to labor in the Americas in mines and plantations.
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade