Chapter 10: The Roaring Twenties
Terms in this set (24)
1920's era of freewheeling popular culture and prosperity. People defied prohibition & indulged in new styles of dancing & dressing, rejected many traditional moral standards
"Return to Normalcy"
After World War I 1919-20's, when Harding was President, the US and Britain returned to isolationism. The US economy "boomed" but Europe continued to struggle. It was the calm before the bigger storm hit: World War II
A social/political movement designed to prevent a socialist/communist/radical movement in this country by finding "radicals," incarcerating them, deporting them, and subverting their activities
Teapot Dome Scandal
Scandal during the Harding administration involving the granting of oil-drilling rights on government land in return for money
29th president of the US; Republican; "Return to Normalcy" (life as it had been before WWI-peace, isolation); presidency was marred by scandal
became president when Harding died of pneumonia. He was known for practicing a rigid economy in money and words, and acquired the name "Silent Cal" for being so soft-spoken. He was a true republican and industrialist. Believed in the government supporting big business.
"bad guy" blamed for Great Depression,handcuffed by laissez faire economics, doesn't respond effectively, stuck in the old ways, didn't question capitalism
Herbert Hoover's belief that people must be self-reliant and not depend upon the federal government for assistance.
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines that created cars faster and cheaper.
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment (18th)
Became leader of the WCTU. She worked to educate people about the evils of alcohol. She urged laws banning the sale of liquor. Also worked to outlaw saloons as step towards strengthening democracy.
"Prohibition Law" declared it illegal to make, transport, or sell alcohol in the United States.
Twenty first Amendment
repealing prohibition put end to failed social experiment and curbed gangsters who profited from bootleggers
Scopes Monkey Trial
1925, the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution against teaching Bible creationism
A famed criminal defense lawyer for Scopes, who supported evolution. He caused William Jennings Bryan to appear foolish when Darrow questioned Bryan about the Bible.
US federal law in 1921 and 1924 that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country.
Control of mating to ensure that "defective" genes of troublesome individuals will not be passed on to future generations.
A brash new group that shocked many conservative older folk who labeled the new style as full of erotic suggestions and inappropriate.
Tin Pan Alley
28th Street. the congregation of song writers in New York City, named so because the conflicting sounds of several song pluggers playing at once sounded like tin pans being crashed together.
10% of blacks in the South migrated to the North where for the first time in their lives found well-paying jobs that allowed them to support their families
A flowering of African American culture in the 1920's; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
African American poet who described the rich culture of African American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
African American leader during the 1920's who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)