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a subcellular structure scattered throughout the cytoplasm; have distinct functions; not all are surrounded by a membrane
Plasma Membrane(all), cell wall(not animal),Flagellum(animal), cilia(animal/protist), extracellular matrix(animal)
found in all cells; composed of double layer of phospholipids, contains proteins and cholesterol, described by the fluid mosaic model
If you have the RH protein also protruding, then you are said to have an A+, B+, AB+, or O+
aka hemolytic disease; mothers body does not recognize babies blood proteins and kills it
PLants(cellulose; Fungi(Chitin); Algae(proteins/sugars): Provides structural support and protection
primary source of movement in Cells: in animals used to sweep out debris and clean respiratory tract
Nucleus; Nucleolus; Endoplasmic Reticulum; Golgi Apparatus; Lysosome(animal); Vacuole; MItochondria; Chloroplast(plants/protist); Peroxisome; Ribosome; cytoskeleton; Centrioles(animals)
spherical; surrounded by a double membrane(nuclear envelope and nuclear pores; filled with liquid called nucleoplasm
Endoplasmic Reticulum Regions
divided into two distinct regions; the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum and smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Functions of Rough ER
synthesis of new membranes; synthesis and modification of proteins destined for incorporations into membranes and export for the cell
series of flatten sacs each sac is a seperate compartment; molecules are transported by vesicles; golgi complex has distinct ends
Function of Golgi Apparatus
recieve and modifies substances from the ER; sorts and tags substances for shipping; ships substances to their target destination; production of hyaluronic acid
membrane-bound sac (pH-4); intracellular digestion; contains hydrolytic enzymes; produced by rough er
Function of Lysosome
digestion of food vacuoles; recycle nutrients(liver cells); destruction of Bacteria(phagocytes); aid embryonic development
Function of Central Vacuole
Digestion and recycling of Materials; storage(water, waste, pigments, toxins)
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