21 terms

Chapter 11: The Great Depression and the New Deal

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Terms in this set (...)

Great Depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Herbert Hoover
"bad guy" blamed for Great Depression,handcuffed by laissez faire economics, doesn't respond effectively, stuck in the old ways, didn't question capitalism
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882-1945) Thirty-second president of the United States; he was elected president four times. He led the United States during the major crises of the Great Depression and World War II.
John Steinbeck
1902-1968. American novelist who wrote "The Grapes of Wrath". A story of Dustbowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life in 1939.
Dorothea Lange
American photographer who recorded the Great Depression by taking pictures of the unemployed and rural poor.
Dust Bowl
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages. Caused mainly by over farming and a severe drought.
New Deal
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
Hoovervilles
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Fireside Chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
Eleanor Roosevelt
A very active First Lady. She was President Roosevelt
s "Eyes and Ears" fought for Women's Rights
Relief, Recovery, Reform
These were the categories into which the New Deal was split. Relief defined by the acts implemented in the area of aid to the unemployment. Recovery put forth measures that would help aid in the speedy recovery of areas hit hardest by the depression. Reform tried to recreate areas that seemed faulty
National Recovery Administration
Government agency that was part of the New Deal and dealt with the industrial sector of the economy. It allowed industries to create fair competition which were intended to reduce destructive competition and to help workers by setting minimum wages and maximum weekly hours.
Banking Crisis
When individuals and companies lose confidence in the banking system and withdraw their deposits in what is called a 'run on banks.'
Agriculture Adjustment Acts
payments to farmers who agreed not to grow wheat, corn, tobacco, and other crops so farm prices would up and farmers would be better off
Civilian Conservation Corps
a public work relief program for unemployed men so they have jobs. the men worked on jobs related to conservation and development of natural resources
Federal Reserve
A national banking system, established in 1913, that controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country.
Gold Standard
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold
Fiat Money
Items designated by government decree to serve as money, although the item itself is essentially worthless (Ex coins/paper)
Twenty Second Amendment
It limited the number of terms that a president may serve to two. Was brought on by FDR's 4-term presidency.
Schechter Poultry v. U.S.
1) Supreme Court struck down National Recovery Administration after violation of poultry code 2) legistlation could not push powers to the executive branch, which had been happening through the New Deal; 3) fear that Court might strike down entire New Deal
Court Packing Plan
FDR plan; asked Congress to expand the Supreme court to 15 justices, which he would fill them with pro New Dealers; public backlash was fierce, and FDR lost popularity.