Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
HNF Exam !
Terms in this set (65)
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) are nutrient standards that are used on food labels and on grocery store signs.
What are the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) designed for?
Disease prevention in healthy people
US food labels and health and nutrition claims are regulated by the:
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
According to the definition by the Food and Drug Administration, which of the following is a nutrient claim?
Essential nutrients are:
necessary nutrients that can be obtained only from the diet
What is true concerning essential nutrients?
The body cannot produce them so they must be consumed in the diet.
Which of the following foods is rich in phytochemicals?
Which of the following conditions is easily treated because it is responsive to dietary changes?
According to MyPlate, which proportion of your diet should be fruits and vegetables?
If ALL Americans' intake of vitamin C were exactly the EAR, approximately ____% of Americans would be predicted to develop deficiency symptoms.
Which of the following is used by nutrition policymakers to establish nutrient needs of a population group?
Estimated Average Requirements
If first three items in the ingredients list on a bottle of orange juice were "sugar, citric acid, orange flavour", what would this mean?
It states that sugar is the chief ingredient in the juice.
Which type of study is performed under tightly controlled experimental situations and often involves animals?
T/F: One calorie is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one liter of water by ten degrees Celsius.
Functional foods contain bioactive food components believed to provide health benefits beyond the benefits conferred by their nutrient content.
Compounds that give color and taste to foods are called _____.
What is NOT an example of an organic nutrient?
Identify an example of a whole food.
The leading cause of peptic ulcer disease is ________.
Helicobacter pylori infection
Heartburn is caused by ________.
the backflow of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus
An example of a probiotic is ________.
bacteria in yogurt
Saliva contains an enzyme that breaks down______.
Which of the following food constituents is not digested by the enzymes of the GI tract?
Segmentation as a function of the GI tract involves ________
back and forth contractions that mix and break apart the food mass
The lymphatic system is responsible for transporting __________to the blood system:
T/F: The immune system is influenced by a person's nutrition:
A protein that speeds up a specific chemical reaction without undergoing changes itself is known as a(n) ______.
Which of the following statements is a truth concerning alcohol?
Alcohol depresses the brain's activity.
T/F: Simple sugars, fiber, and glycogen are all types of carbohydrates.
Pairs of single sugars linked together are called __________.
Which of the following remains after the milling of refined grains?
Once absorbed, the majority of glucose is transported to________.
Which of the following is NOT an action of soluble fiber?
Increases blood pressure
What is starch?
A plant polysaccharide composed of glucose.
An adequate carbohydrate intake is important in preventing ketosis and sparing muscle protein from being used as an energy source.
The breakdown of fat that occurs when carbohydrates are not available produces:
Which condition is NOT usually associated with type 2 diabetes?
Autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the pancreas
Changes in blood glucose levels will typically result in the following scenario:
Blood glucose levels that fall too low signal the release of glucagon.
Refined wheat that is used to make white bread removes all parts of the kernel EXCEPT:
Glucose is a single sugar used in both plant and animal tissues for energy.
T/F: Foods rich in soluble fiber can lower blood cholesterol
Polysaccharides are made up of long strands of _______.
Glycogen is a highly branched polysaccharide that is made and held in the liver and muscle tissues as a storage form of glucose.
Refined Grains removes all except
Grapes and concentrated grape juice both provide sugars, but the grapes are a healthier choice because:
they provide fiber and phytochemicals
Diabetes or hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose regulation fails.
Which of the following is NOT a sign of diabetes?
Normal glucose in the blood
T/F: During a large meal there is a large rise in blood glucose concentration and a decrease in insulin
What is the best definition of hydrogenation? The chemical/industrial process where...
hydrogen is added to unsaturated fatty acids to make a fat that is more solid and has a longer shelf life
What are triglycerides? One of the three main classes of...
Which of the following fats has the largest percentage of saturated fatty acids?
What is the best definition of a phospholipid?
A lipid made of 2 fatty acids attached to a phosphate head group
Which type of fatty acids can be formed as a result of food processing?
Trans Fatty Acids
The lipoprotein that is responsible for taking the triglycerides from the liver, and delivering them to the body cells is...
A buildup of muscle cell, lipid and calcium deposits in the artery walls is the definition for which term?
What cardiovascular term matches the following definition? "Vessels that feed oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle are closed off due to a blockage, resulting in damage of the heart muscle."
True/False: higher blood HDL levels are considered good because HDL is critical in the process of carrying cholesterol away from body cells to the liver for disposal.
Which of the following is NOT a use of fat in our body?
Used to make protein
Which term describes a kind of lipid that is made in the liver, used to make some hormones, and is also found only in animal-derived foods?
_________ oil is composed of mostly saturated fat.
Which of these is NOT a type of lipid?
Long chain fatty acids in the GI tract collect together with bile acids to form ___________. The emulsified fatty acids can then be absorbed by the epithelial cells that line the small intestine.
True/False: Consuming trans fat poses a risk to the heart and arteries by raising blood LDL and, at higher intakes, lowering beneficial HDL.
Which of these types of fatty acids elevate LDL cholesterol and thus elevate the risk of heart disease and heart attacks?
trans fatty acids
Which lipoprotein delivers triglycerides and cholesterol from the liver to the body's tissues?
Other sets by this creator
HNF 150 Exam 1 Practice Questions
Holocaust History- Vocabulary 90
Holocaust History- Vocabulary
Other Quizlet sets
Patho - Ch. 12, 18-25
DH 102 quizzes Medical Emergencies (2)