30 terms

us history pt 2

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Rough riders
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
big stick diplomacy
Diplomatic policy developed by T.R where the "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them and was the basis of U.S. imperialistic foreign policy.
open door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
muckrakers
This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.
triangle shirtwaist
A fire in New York's Triangle Shirtwaist Company in 1911 killed 146 people, mostly women. They died because the doors were locked and the windows were too high for them to get to the ground. Dramatized the poor working conditions and let to federal regulations to protect workers.
sherman anti trust act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
theodore roosevelt
26th President of the United States
federal reserve act
a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply
19th amendment
gave women the right to vote
w.e.b. dubois
1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
jim crow laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
neutrality
nonparticipation in a dispute or war
lustania
german sink british ship:1915.....killed american spasengers and germans stopped unrestricted warfare
fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
red scare
a period of general fear of communists
isolationism
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
sacco and venzetti
two men wrongly- accused of murder and robbery because they were radical anarchists immigrants, finally sentenced to death in 1927
teapot dome scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
assembly line
mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
flappers
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
harlem renaissance
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
scopes trail
1925 court case in which William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow debated issues on teaching evolution in school systems
prohibition
the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
black tuesday
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
hooverville
shanty towns built by the homeless during the Great Depression
fireside chats
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
new deal
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented
munich pact
A 1938 agreement between Great Britain and Germany to appease Hitler
pearl harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
D-day
Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris