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a patient's pulmonary function is tested via spirometry. several measurements are taken during this test. what is the maximum amount of air that can be expired after a maximum inspiration called?
during a preparticipation physical, a patient is diagnosed with myopia. what is this patient's diagnosis?
what is the definition of power?
Power = force x distance
how long (generally) should a "warm-up" be to adequately prepare the body for athletic performance?
10 to 15 minutes
an athlete's diet should consist of approximately ____ protein, ____ fat, and ____ carbohydrate.
12% to 15%, 40% to 50%, 55% t0 70%
the pre-event meal should be eaten ___ before competition to ensure proper digestion.
3 to 4 hours
how much calcium should a female athlete who shows signs of low bone mass consume a day?
when monitoring a carbohydrate-loading program for an endurance athlete, what should the athlete do the day prior to the competition?
eat a high-carbohydrate meal and perform little to no exercise
how is pediculosis spread between individuals?
close sexual contact
a flak jacket is a piece of equipment designed to protect the athlete after what type of injury?
which of the following organizations sets the standards for eye protection for racquet sports?
of the following pieces of equipment, which is not an NCAA-mandated piece of equipment?
gymnastics- palm protectors for the uneven parallel bars
a female gymnast is complaining of symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, such as irritability, anxiety, depression, and bloating. which of the following vitamins might be helpful in alleviating these symptoms?
a megadose of which of the following vitamins is potentially very dangerous?
which of the following should be included in a preparticipation physical examination?
height and weight, orthopedic screening, vital signs, ear/nose/throat exam
which of the following can cause an indirect sports fatality?
one of your patients has just purchased a bicycle helmet and found a crack in the shell. to which organization should the manufacturer of the helmet report this defect?
during a preparticipation physical examination, what type of assessment should be utilized to document the maturity of an athlete's secondary sexual characteristics?
Tanner's 5 stages of assessment
according to the NATA position statement, Preparticipation Physical examinations and disqualifying conditions who should make the final decision regarding an athlete's participation in a sport?
team physician and institution
when using an ice pack at home to decrease pain and swelling of an injured limb, what should the athletic trainer recommend to the athlete to prevent a cryotherapy injury?
place a damp towel between the athlete's skin and the ice pack
a wrestler comes to the AT facility inquiring about a "drug that will make him lose weight quickly". he mentions a diuretic. which of the following drugs has been banned by the International Olympic Committee and causes diuresis?
when instructing a patient in the proper technique in applying an elastic wrap to control pain and edema of an extremity, the athletic trainer should instruct the patient to remove the wrap if all except the following occurs at the distal end of the extremity:
pink hue to the skin
when counseling an athlete about the adverse effects of anabolic steroids on females, all of the following effects should be included except:
increased body fat
what should the athletic trainer advise his or her athletes to do to minimize the negative effects of jet lag?
drink an adequate amount of fluids, especially water, to avoid dehydration
you are aware of the general use of smokeless tobacco among your high school baseball players. you decide to develop a seminar for the coaches and players to discourage its use. which of the following are effects of the chronic use of chewing tobacco?
leukoplakia, mouth and throat cancer and bad breath
which of the following patients should avoid high-volume, high-intensity plyometric exercises?
patients who weight more than 220 pounds
Keratoderma can be prevented by all of the following except:
using an antifungal ointment
a torus fracture is the result of what kind of force?
which of the following is not a neural effect of resistance training?
increased muscle capillary density
during a preparticipation physical examination that utilizes stations, which of the following personnel is able to perform an examination for adenopathy, abnormalities of the genitalia, and hernias in an athlete?
physician or physician assistant
when is it best to have athletes practice outdoors in an urban environment?
very late afternoon/early evening
there are two types of heel cups that are designed to help prevent heel bruises. of these two heel cups, which has an elevated heel that can compress downward so that the heel never actually makes contact with the interior of the shoe?
a rubberized padded cup
which of the following is not recommended for the prevention fo heat-related illnesses?
wear layers of lightweight clothing
which of the following stages of disease prevention focuses on early detection and appropriate referral?
all of the following are effects of immobilization on muscle except:
increase in muscle tension produced
all of the following types of infections are transmitted through the air except:
which of the following is a type of exercise that involves muscle contraction in which the length of the muscle is changing while the contraction is performed at a constant velocity?
what type of stretching is not recommended because of the potential for causing muscle soreness and possible injury when done over a period of time?
all of the following are signs and symptoms of dehydration except:
athletes can prevent lower leg injuries by all of the following except:
stretching, wearing proper footwear, and proprioceptive and strength training
which of the following is not the way for a throwing athlete to prevent injuries while training?
minimizing the effects of micro trauma; maintaining cardiovascular and lower extremity conditioning; and facilitating good communication among the patient, athletic trainer, coach, and physician
______ refers to the concept of dividing the annual training plan into smaller segments, phases and cycles.
extrinsic risk factors of athletic injury include which of the following?
training errors, poor or inappropriate coaching and improper technique
immunization against the hepatitis B virus will also prevent the manifestation of which of the following?
which of the following is true regarding the Hepatitis B immunization?
it is a series of 3 shots over a course of 9 months
genital warts are caused by which of the following?
which of the following is the most common type of cerebral palsy?
the function of the pituitary gland is to do all of the following except:
increase levels of calcium in the blood
screening for Marfan's syndrome includes musculoskeletal and eye exams. which of the following tests is also part of the screening process?
all of the following arrhythmias require limitation of activity (in asymptomatic patients without structural heart disease) except:
short QT syndrome
which of the following statements is true about hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)?
the incidence of sudden death from HCM is 2 to 3 times higher in children and adolescents than in adults
the label on a dietary supplement must contain all of the following elements except:
the date of initial packaging
the NATA's position statement on the prevention of pediatric overuse injuries suggests a pediatric athlete should have at least ______ per week from competitive practices, competitions, and sport-specific training.
1 to 2 days off
according to the NATA's position statement regarding safe weight loss and maintenance practices in sport and exercise, when determining goal weight, body weight should be assessed relative to what?
the NATA's position statement on the management of the athlete with type I diabetes recommends that each athlete with diabetes have a diabetes care plan. the plan should includes all of the following except:
guidelines for dietary management
according to the consensus statement between the Inter-Association Task Force for Preseason Secondary School Athletics and the NATA's Secondary School Athletic Trainer's Committee, preseason heat acclimatization guidelines for secondary school athletics, a 1-hour maximum walk through is permitted during days 1 through 5 of the heat acclimatization period. how long should the recovery period be between the practice and walk through (or vice versa)?
according to the NATA's position statement on anabolic-androgenic steroids, "stacking" of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) is defined as:
simultaneously administering multiple AAS
which of the following types of programs appear to be effective anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse deterrents for adolescent student-athletes?
sex-specific, sport-centered, and coach-facilitated educational programs that promote performance enhancing alternatives, (ie. sport nutrition and strength training)
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