Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Ceres(asteroid belt, dwarf planet), Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto Characteristics: Outer solar system, very different from solid worlds, cold to very cold, no distinct surfaces, high gravity-retain lots of H and He, interiors have exotic materials not present elsewhere, low density, and strong magnetic fields
Gas giants: Jupiter & Saturn. Jovian planets atmosphere is over 90% H & He. Lots of liquid metallic H, Rich in "ices" (=Volatiles) in fluid form, water (H2O), ammonia (NH3), methane (CH4)
Examples of giant planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Luna (Moon) Phobos (Ma) - ours
What are moons: objects that orbit any type of planet, most are in the outer system- Only 3, almost all have no air larger ones are round, smaller ones are irregularly shaped, most are inactive (=dead) & intensely cratered, some are geologically active. Volcanism, quakes, rivers, lakes, geysers, faulting, wind, weather, storms, etc.
Breccias: clastic texture-jumbled mix of large and small grains, large clasis are angular, impactor pulverizes target rocks, debris is ejected into the air and falls back to the surface, has glassy and/or frothy clasts (from impact melting), Impact resurge breccia, ocean target, water and debris is surged into an impact crater after install splash, brecciated basement rocks, shattered rocks below the crater (pieces never ejected into air), melt-matrix breccia, angular grains in a finely crystalline to glassy matrix (=cooled melt)
Impactites-frothy/vesicular textured rocks formed by impact melting & cooling