chapter 5-6 anatomy & physiology bones and muscles
the bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body
bones of the limbs and girdles
The bodily system that consists of the bones, their associated cartilages, and the joints, and supports and protects the body, produces blood cells, and stores minerals.
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone.
bones that are longer than they are wide
thin, flattened, and usually curved, two thin layers of compact sandwiching spongey bone (skull, ribs, sternum)
come in a variety of shapes and are usually connected to other bones; examples are vertebrae and facial bones
shaft of a long bone
a dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (except at their extremities) and serving as an attachment for tendons and muscles
secures periosteum to bone, also known as perforating fiber
ends of long bone
Type of Hyaline Cartilage: Located at the ends of bones. It is called this because an articulation (joint) is a point of contact between two or more bones.
in adults; remnant of epiphyseal plate
bone marrow that is yellow with fat; found at the ends of long bones in adults
bone marrow of children and some adult bones that is required for the formation of red blood cells
Mature bone cells.
small chambers that house osteocytes
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone matrix
small hair-like canals extending from the central canal. Allow for diffusion of nutrients, waste products, hormones, etc. to lacunae.
run into the compact bone at right angles to the shaft
the calcification of soft tissue into a bonelike material
bone forming cells
bending at the joint so that the angle between the bones is decreased
Straightening of a body part
Moving the bone around in a central axis
Movement away from the midline
MOVEMENT TOWARD THE MIDLINE
circular movement of joint, combining movements; possible in shoulder joint, hip joint, and trunk around a fixing point