thick posterior end tapering rapidly to a long filamentous anterior end (whip)
lemon shape, yellow or brown in color
plug at both ends
L1 in egg
describe the life cycle
after the animal ingest the L1 in egg the plugs are digested and L1 penetrate glands of the cecal mucosa. All four molts occur. Adults emerge to lie on the mucosal surface with their anterior ends embedded. adults copulate, lay eggs, out in feces
survival rate of eggs in environment
several years under optimal conditions
diphtheritic (leather like) inflammation of cecal mucosa
watery bloody diarrhea
anthelmintics - adults
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