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Vocab 9 Study Guide
Terms in this set (20)
a state of perfect happiness or blessedness; a blessing
Synonyms: bliss, rapture
Ex: After arriving at the resort, Sara found herself to be in a beaitude.
bête noire (n.)
someone or something that one especially dislikes, dreads or avoids
Synonyms: pet peeve, bugbear, nemesis
Ex: Claire shook her head the brussel sprouts -they were the bête noire of the dinner table
to be an omen of; to indicate by signs
Synonyms: presage, augur, foreshadow
Ex: The harsh reviews do not bode kindly on the playwright's latest stage production.
unpleasantly damp or wet
Synonyms: clammy, moist, soggy
Ex: The dank basement has flooded several times in the past month.
worldwide or universal un influence or application
Synonyms: general, comprehensive
Ex: Toilet paper has an ecumenical use among many countries.
burning with enthusiasm or zeal; extremely heated
Synonyms: ardent, zealous, fervent, earnest
Ex: All dressed up, the little girl ran downstairs to trick-or-treat in a fervid state.
having an unpleasant or offensive odor
Synonyms: smelly, putrid, noisome, foul, malodorous
Ex: The foreign cheese had a fetid odor.
of immense size, volume, or capacity; enormous, prodigious
Synonyms: huge, colossal, mammoth, gigantic
Ex: Compared to the other girls at camp, Sammy (who hit puberty early) was gargantuan.
a demon or evil spirit supposed to haunt human beings in their bedrooms at night; anything that oppressed or weighs upon one, like a nightmare
Synonyms: hobgoblin, millstone, burden
Ex: Claire was scared to go to bed because of the incubus that often visited her at night.
the period of great power, vigor, success, or influence; the prime years (SS:1)
Synonyms: golden age
Ex: During the cities heyday, it produced many products that led to a better quality of living.
a basic foundation or framework; a system of public work; the resources and facilities required for an activity; permanent military installations (SS:1)
Synonyms: base, basis, underpinning
Ex: As the infrastructure continued to crumble, the homeowner decided to have the house torn down.
to entice, lure, or snare by flattery or artful inducements; to obtain or acquire by artifice
Synonyms: indulge, beguile, cajole, wheedle
Ex: To get the cat out from under the bed, Matt inveigled him with a piece of cheese.
the acclaim, prestige, or renown that comes as a result of some action or achievement
Synonyms: glory, praise, accolades
Ex: I gave Sam kudos after her book publication.
an extra or unexpected gift or gratuity
Ex: My boss gave me a lagniappe once she saw how hard I work.
long-winded and wordy; tending to speak or write in such a way
Synonyms: verbose, garrulous
Ex: I hate Mr. Synder because he always has long, prolix answers for simple questions.
someone whose welfare, training, or career ins under the patronage of an influential person, someone under the jurisdiction of a foreign country or government (SS:1)
Synonyms: ward, charge, discipline, trainee
Ex: Arturo Sandoval is considered a protégé because he studied among many influential trumpet players.
an original pattern or model; a primitive or ancestral form
Ex: Gia made a prototype of her invention to show her professor before she actually created it.
someone who attempts to win favors or advance him- or herself by battery or servile behavior; a slanderer, defamer
Synonyms: yes-man, today, flunky, bootlicker
Ex: Ram couldn't help acting being a sycophant to his boss -he just wanted a raise!
needless repetition of an idea using different but equivalent words; a redundancy
Ex: College students use tautology in order to sound intelligent but they never end up saying anything significant.
to yield or submit tamely or submissively
Synonyms: kowtow, stoop, grovel
Ex: Scared of large men, Cindy trickled in the customer's presence.
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