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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
8th Grade SS Test 4 I Cans
Terms in this set (30)
incoming money from taxes or other sources
Writ of Assistance
court document allowing customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goods
an official expression of opinion by a group
a mocking figure representing an unpopular individual
to refuse to buy any items in order to show disapproval or force acceptance of one's terms
to cancel an act or law
why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act
To convince the colonists to pay the lower tax on imported molasses rather than smuggle it and to allow officials to seize goods from smugglers without a trial.
what did the Stamp Act do and why the colonists rebel against it
The Stamp Act was a law that taxed almost all printed materials. This caused the assembly to pass a resolution, sons of liberty formed, colonists boycotted British goods.
explain what "No taxation without representation" means
Colonists did not believe they should be taxed by the British when they had no voice in the Parliament
open defiance of authority
ideas or information intentionally spread to harm or help a cause
Committee of Correspondence
an organization that spread political ideas and information through the colonies
what are the events, in order, that led to the Boston Massacre
1. British soldiers were stationed in Boston
2. Some soldiers were rude or fought with residents
3. On March 5, 1770, a fight broke out between the soldiers and residents of Boston
4. Nervous soldiers fired into a crowd of Bostonians
5. Five colonists were killed
6. Colonial leaders used the event to influence public opinion and unify colonists.
what was the use of propaganda used by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere in order to rally the colonists after the Boston Massacre
They portrayed the Boston Massacre as a deliberate British slaughter of innocent colonists. This increased colonial resistance to British laws that they considered unjust.
What were the effects of the Coercive Acts on the citizens of Boston
As a result of the Coercive Acts, the citizens of Boston has limited access to food and supplies that arrived by ship, town meetings were banned, and they had to provide shelter for British soldiers.
what were the events of the Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party was a response to the Tea Act, which gave Britain total control of the tea market in the colonies. It was an act of civil disobedience because the colonists took action to protest what they saw as unfair law.
during revolutionary era, civilian sworn to be ready to fight with only one minute's notice
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
American colonist who favored American independence
why did the Continental Congress form
To represent Americans and challenge the British control
why did the British troops go to Lexington and Concord and what was significant about the mission
They marched to take and destroy colonial artillery and ammunition. The colonists reacted by organizing militias to resist. These were the first battles of the American Revolution.
why was Benedict Arnold considered to be a traitor
Arnold sold military information to the British. Once his crime was discovered he fled to British-controlled New York City and led British troops against the Americans
why was the Battle of Bunker Hill was significant for the Colonists
It was a battle that made the British believe that defeating the American's would not be a quick or easy battle
a formal request
the introduction to a formal document that often tells why the document was written
what was the Olive Branch Petition
The colonists petition to King George III to assure him that they wanted peace
How did King George III react to the Olive Branch Petition
He rejected the petition and rather than peace both sides prepared for war
What are the 3 reasons why the Second Continental Congress drafted the Declaration of Independence
1. The king had rejected the Olive Branch Petition
2. Fighting had already begun
3. A majority of delegates concluded it was time to break political ties with Britain.
What are the grievances the colonists had against King George III
Cut off the colonies' trade with other countries,
Taxed colonists without their consent,
Ignored all petitions.
what is the purpose of government according to John Locke
To protect people's natural rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
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